After reading Colonel Ikramullah on good governance (The Nation, May 17) and Ammar Sarwar's 'Conquest of Pakistan' (May 17), here are my thoughts on the issue; it is imperative to ensure that decisions made higher up are implemented where they are meant to be implemented i. e at the grassroots level. The lower functionaries through no fault of theirs interpret a procedure (SOP) as they understand it. If the SOP is obsolescent, anything goes as far as they are concerned. A new low level time wasting procedure is put in place and who is to say it is wrong? No one has ever budgeted for maintenance of the workflow channels to be kept free of silt or static. This is the bedrock of all corruption because nowhere does the little red book (SOP) say it is wrong. So when an investigation is made, the inquiry reflects the slate to be clean. Of course the work only gets done when the proper lubrication is provided. The problem is: no one can be held accountable in law for having 'committed' a sin of omission. This is why we always experience crises of implementation. In any discipline in the final analysis the devil always is in the detail. We need to jettison our Ombudsman methodology because he cannot enforce orders. In its place we need to install an Administrative Court (with stages of appeal) which has a budget and professional competence to investigate and recreate destroyed evidence such as land records and has the power to penalize erring bureaucrats, even award damages against the state, which should appear as defendant. There should be no judicial review of such Administrative Court judgements i. e no stay orders from the High Courts or Supreme Courts. A supreme administrative tribunal should be the last stage of appeal. Incumbents to head such courts should preferably be drawn from the civil services who are nearing retirement. This will be the closest thing to the nazar fi'l mazalim (complaint courts) and keep accountability of the executive within it. -MASOOD HASAN, Lahore, May 20.