LAHORE - The Ravi has been transformed into the river of death which is playing havoc with the health of the citizens. As many as 42 species of fish have become extinct from the river. Dumping of sacrificial meat, industrial and hospital waste on the river-beds have made the situation worse. It was stated by the speakers at a seminar on 'Resuscitating Ravi: Exploring the Possibilities organised by the Government College University Lahore Sustainable Development Study Centre (GCU SDSC) on the World Earth Day. Secretary Environment Punjab Sajjad Saleem Hotinana, WASA Managing Director Dr Javid Iqbal, GCU Dean of Sciences Dr Ikramul Haq and a large number of young researchers attended the seminar. Speaking on the occasion, noted environmentalist and Director SDSC Dr Aminul Haq said pollution ultimately comes back to those who initiate it, and the River Ravi is returning it to the citizens of Lahore in form of fatal diseases. We have only two options; either we should set up hundreds of hospitals around the River Ravi or take steps to end pollution from the site, he said. Dr Amin believed that the environment laws are there and the most effective way of controlling pollution is strict implementation of these laws. All plans will ultimately fail, if these laws are not implemented, he said. The Secretary Environment said the River Ravi does not exit and what we all have now is a polluted river-bed and an archaeological site where the river used to exist. However, he said, that the Punjab government has formed a high level committee for conservation and restoration of the river. Sajjad Saleem said that universities should also come forward and give recommendations to the committee that which kind of technique and technology should be used to restore the glory of Ravi. The GCU SDSC researchers proposed the government to install a special treatment plant on the river-beds which is designed by them to remove sewage from the river. The total cost of the plant is just Rs 61 million. However, there is no need to buy any land as it will be installed on the river-beds, they said. GCU SDSC student Junaid Noor said that the project can be done even without government support if each low income household person of Lahore gives away Rs 5 and each high income household person donates Rs 50 for the installation of treatment plant. Later, GCU student Saba Dar presenting a research paper on River Ravi said that most radical consequences of ecological disturbance in the river are vegetative spoilage and water-borne diseases. GCU student Saad Farooq condemned the government support for illegal dumping of sacrificial waste on river-beds. Muhammad Ghous, an SDSC researcher, said that dumping of toxic materials in the river Ravi is also contaminating the underground water. GCU student Noreen Habib laid stress on building pressure on the government for restoring the glory of the site. She said that 42 types of fishes have been extinct form river which has caused a huge economic loss to the country. Concluding the seminar, MD WASA Dr Javid Iqbal brought the attention of the students about the scarcity of pure water in the City. He said that the underground water level is decreasing by 3 feet in Lahore every year and if proper steps have not been taken, our future generations would face disastrous consequences.