The rebels in Libya had not yet taken power in Tripoli at the time of writing, but it seems that the end for Colonel Muammar Gaddafi is in sight. In power for 42 years, he has long resisted outside powers, but the latest challenge to his regime came from a popular uprising, which began in February and seems to have succeeded. The uprising saw the USA, under the guise of NATO, back the rebels by a bombing campaign that did not just echo the Balkan campaign, but also the previous attempt by the USA to assassinate Colonel Gaddafi, and which resulted in the murder of his adopted daughter. However, with the nabbing of one of his sons, Saif El-Islam, and the penetration of capital Tripoli, it seems that the regimes resistance will ultimately come to an and. As Tunisia to Libyas West and Egypt to its East fell as a result of the Arab Spring which inspired the anti-Gaddafi rebels, his survival in power was always dubious. In the midst of this, the American and NATO triumphalism, shown in the congratulations received by US President Barack Obama and British Prime Minister David Cameron, show how much the conflict was about oil, and how much because the main US ally, and accomplice in its invasions of the Muslim world, Europe, depended upon oil from Libya, with its oil companies using its light, sweet nature to earn fat profits, because it was easy to refine. The US and NATO intervention was meant to help Europe retain its stranglehold on Libyas oil. It did not take into consideration that Libya funded many African projects. Pakistan saw Colonel Gaddafi as an anti-US champion, and his fall will merely strengthen anti-American feeling, as people realise that his ouster was not just because of any oppression he committed on his people, but because of the way he was disliked in the West. At the same time, as an oil-rich Arab state, Libya attracted many Pakistani expatriate workers, and their safety should be the concern of our government.