KARACHI - Conflict and war over the world's energy resources will remain inevitable unless other resources are explored to meet energy needs of the world today. Prof Syed Arif Kazmi of HEJ Research Institute of Chemistry, Karachi University (KU), expressed these views during a session of the 4-day 35th All Pakistan Science Conference on Genomics held here on Monday. The conference is being held in the auditorium of International Centre for Chemical and Biological Sciences (ICCBS), KU, and jointly organised by the KU Faculty of Science and Pakistan Association for Advancement of Sciences. Hundreds of Pakistani scientists and experts from all over the country and abroad are participating in the conference with an objective to review the problems faced by the experts in their disciplines. Pakistani scientists from US, UK, Canada, Iran, Uganda and Somalia are also participating in the conference, in which nearly 300 research papers will be read out. Prof Kazmi said, "During the coming century, the increasing population of the world and the ever-improving standards of living of the vast majority of the world's population will bring the traditional energy resources under tremendous pressure. Conversely, the wider use of these resources is damaging the environment in an irreversible manner. F. Saher of University of Agriculture, Faisalabad, said the prevalence of hepatitis B in cardiac patients is double than in that in the normal population indicating that heart patients are at higher risk of HBV. She said that hepatitis viral was an infectious hepatic disease associated with inflammation of liver. She said that HBV was one of the commonest infectious diseases worldwide while the cardiac patents needed to be cautious from fatality of the disease. Taranum Ruba Siddiqui of Pakistan Medical Research Council said that the prevalence of hepatitis B and C infections in eye patients posed risks and dangers for doctors as well as other patients in hospitals and OPD. The alarming percentage of positive cases of these two viral infections gives us an idea of the risks involved and emphasizes us to adopt such practices that ensure the infection control measures, she observed. Marium Ghani of KU Department of Microbiology stressed the need for discovering new anti-microbial compounds with diverse chemical structure and novel mechanisms of action for new and re-emerging infectious diseases. She added, "However, researchers are increasingly turning their attention to folk medicine, looking for new leads to develop better drugs against microbial infections." Sikander K Sherwani, KU Department of Microbiology, indicated that pseudomonas, a type of bacteria, infection was most often associated with contact lens wear. He said, "Nonetheless, we have not been able to trace how and why were these lens contaminated yet it is strongly speculated that they might have been contaminated with pseudomonas while handling with hands, water and contaminated protein fee solution. " Moreover it is suggested that such contact lens associated keratitis and corneal ulcers can be prevented, if patients contact the physicians when they develop the early signs like a red or irritated eye and follow the strict hygienic conditions.