US Joint Chiefs of Staff Committee Chairman Adm Mike Mullen has said, while talking to journalists, that Pakistan does not get enough credit for its achievements in the war on terror, though some of them were 'pretty extraordinary'. This has to be viewed in the light of remarks by Dr Maleeha Lodhi, a former Pakistan Ambassador to the USA and now a scholar at the Woodrow Wilson Centre, to the Council on Foreign Relations, who noted that the Obama Administration's reliance on military means was accompanied by a silence on a political strategy. Admiral Mullen gave an inkling of the direction in which the Obama Administration is inclining when he noted that Swat, which he had recently visited, showed that the Pakistan military had performed a good job of counter-insurgency. However, Dr Lodhi was closer to reality when she noted that the USA had to address Pakistani security concerns, and its present strategy assumed that a military solution would be successful in Afghanistan without addressing the political causes of the insurgency. She also noted that Pakistan did not provide any of these causes, though it was already adversely affected by the insurgency in Afghanistan, referring to the wave of retaliatory suicide bombings that have taken place since the military's operations in the tribal areas. However, if the USA is to address Pakistani concerns, it must not give them a narrow self-serving interpretation of its own, but accept the thoughts expressed by President Obama during his campaign, and also deal with Pakistani concerns about the continued illegal occupation by India of Kashmir, as well as about its other bilateral disputes with India, which have assumed alarming proportions. This would mean applying pressure on India to end this occupation. The USA must also prepare to accept Pakistan's national sovereignty within its own borders. Those Blackwater employees wandering around, the export of cargo without customs check, and the myriad examples of US extraterritoriality, must end. After all, Admiral Mullen and Dr Lodhi described the external factors that make the new US policy a nonstarter as soon as it attempted to implement it, but the internal factors, which also sap the very cooperation the USA needs, and also spawns the militancy the USA dreads, also have to be addressed, if Pakistan is to play its due role in defeating the forces of extremism and militancy. The USA may have developed a new strategy for Afghanistan and Pakistan, but linking them has not worked, not least because the role it gave India in Afghanistan has been used to destabilise Pakistan.