“I would prefer to abandon the terminology of the past.’Superpower' is something which we used during the cold war time. Why use it now?”

–Vladimir Putin, 2006

 

Power is unassailably the essence of international politics. The concept of ‘superpower’ came into being after the Second World War and the commencement of the Cold War in 1945 when the entire world was divided into three blocs. That era saw the coming to power of two states, two antagonistic ideologies with one aim only; the aim to stay. Not only did the two, the Capitalist bloc and the Communist bloc, unleash a series of treaties but also began a voyage towards neo-colonialism. The defeat of the USSR left the ‘superpower’ status to the USA. Today, the relevance of the term ‘superpower’ is questioned by many on the premise of the rise in multipolarity. States like China, Germany, India and Japan are emerging as economic giants. It is estimated that by 2020, China and India will account for half of the world’s GDP. Not only that; these states are also challenging the political sovereignty the US holds. China and Russia secure a place in the security council of the UN. Though some argue that the US is unmatchable today, the prevalent conditions promise to bring great upheaval. The days of USA’s superpower status are numbered