A 15-point agreement brokered between the NWFP government and Swat Taliban looks impressive on paper. The Taliban agreed to stop attacks on security personnel, government officials and installations. There would be no private militias, no training centres for suicide bombers, no unlicensed FM radio stations, no display of weapons and no attacks on barbershops and music centres. Polio vaccine campaigns would not be obstructed and girls would be allowed to go to schools. The government on its part agreed to enforce Sharia in Malakand Agency, pay compensation to those affected by military operations and gradually start withdrawing troops from Swat. There are questions however about the militants' ability to carry out their commitments. Despite opposition from the US, Pakistan has gone ahead to broker the peace accord while an army spokesman has promised compliance with it. What remains to be seen is whether the Swat Taliban would be able to carry with them the numerous militant groups active in the region. On Wednesday, when the deal was being brokered, there were several incidents of violence. Two girls' schools and a gas pipeline were blown up, two picnic points set on fire, a policeman killed and a police station came under heavy fire. If attacks of the sort continue, Islamabad would come under increasing pressure to scrap the deal and again resort to military action. Swat is one of several regions plagued by militancy. Other areas include South and North Waziristan, Darra Adamnkhel, Bajaur and Kohat. Each one has its peculiar brand of militant, not all under the discipline of the local Taliban. Dealing with this hydra-headed militancy requires patience. The policy of peaceful resolution of the complex problem has brought benefits that include a considerable reduction in suicide attacks. The militants must realise that unless they are willing to cease their activities, it might not be possible for the government to convince the world of the efficacy of its policy.