muhammad faraz

Kashmir is a nuclear flashpoint, one of the biggest unresolved disputes of the world, major bone of contention between Pakistan and India, the reason for three full scale wars between the two nations, and, according to some experts, a ticking time bomb which might result in a nuclear holocaust.

Everyone knows about the abovementioned facts, besides the bitter history of partition of the sub-continent in 1947. The dispute erupted when the princely state of Jammu and Kashmir was forcefully and unjustly annexed to India. Pakistan retaliated and a war, know as the “first Kashmir war,” was started between the newly born states. Father of the Pakistani Nation Muhammad Ali Jinnah ordered the combined military chief of Pakistan and India, Gen Douglas Gracey, to invade Kashmir but he did not carry out Quaid’s orders, resultantly leaving no option for the tribal people, Kashmiris and some soldiers of Pakistan Army, who were on leave, to march towards Kashmir for its liberation. This indigenous movement proved pivotal and resulted in the liberation of some of the Kashmiri areas now known as Azad Jammu & Kashmir and Gilgit-Baltistan.

India was baffled by the Pakistan’s initiative as it was not expecting such a firm and action-oriented response. An interesting fact that many people do not know is that it was not Pakistan that approached the United Nations for resolving the Kashmir dispute through a plebiscite. It was, in fact, India which was shaken by the resolve of the Kashmiris and the Pakistani tribesmen and subsequently went running to the UN Security Council and called for help.

On April 21, 1948 after the first Kashmir war’s ceasefire, the UN Security Council passed its famous resolution No. 47 in its 286th meeting under the subject “The India Pakistan Question.” The result of which was “adopted” under chapter IV of the UN charter. One cannot ignore the Indian stubbornness, guile and mischief on Kashmir as today India denies the demand made in 1948 to the UN, which was to resolve the Kashmir issue through a UN monitored plebiscite for the Kashmiri People.

After the resolution was passed in 1948 on Kashmir, over the next few years the UN Security Council passed four new resolutions, reversing the terms of Resolution 47 to include a synchronous withdrawal of both Indian and Pakistani troops from the region on recommendations of Gen Andrew Mc Naughton. To this end the UN arbitrators put forward 11 different proposals for the demilitarisation of the Kashmiri region, all of which were accepted by Pakistan but rejected by the Indian government. Pakistan must forcefully take up this issue at the UN and stand firm with the Kashmiri people in their struggle for independence.

–The writer is a freelance columnist with an academic background in defence & strategic studies.