PAKISTAN Day is that extremely rare national holiday, when an entire nation marks the act of a political party, the passage in 1940 by the All-India Muslim League, of the famous Pakistan Resolution, which demanded a separate homeland for the Muslims within India, and its establishment as a separate state. Just over seven years later, this came to pass, the result being an independent dominion of Pakistan. However, because the date had developed a certain sanctity, the nation's first Constitution, that of 1956, had this as its commencing day, and this was to be known as Constitution Day. However, this was the Constitution abrogated in 1958, when the military took over for the first of what would prove to be four times. The military also took over the Day itself, making it the occasion to hold its annual parade, though it will not be held this year, because of the threat posed by terrorism. The Day does provide an opportunity to review where the nation is, especially in the light of the Founding Father's vision. The Quaid-e-Azam, the President of the party back in 1940, and the driving force behind the Resolution that was passed back then, who went on to become the first Governor-General of the new state in 1947, envisaged the proposed state as an essentially Islamic welfare state, which would be pluralistic. This was also in accordance with the vision of Allama Iqbal, who had died almost two years earlier, and thus was not present at the party meeting which turned into reality the vision he had expressed to it at Allahabad in 1930. But Pakistan as it has emerged has not fulfilled its potential. Instead of developing as a democracy, it has been subjected to the distortions characteristic of military rule, which has been imposed four times, and has not even developed into a constitutional state, let alone an Islamic welfare one. It remains under threat from extremists attempting to impose a version of Islam not envisaged by the Founding Fathers, and it can only combat them in alliance with the Americans, who have misinterpreted this as permission to strike indiscriminately in the tribal areas at Pakistani citizens. Another aspect not predicted, or rather not expected, by the Founding Fathers, is the current weakness of the economy, kept afloat only by infusions of aid money, and loans by multilateral lending agencies on tigerish conditionalities. The only solution is for the governments of the day to pull itself together, go back to the Founding Fathers, and set itself in the right direction. It will find the nation only too ready to respond.