The USA and Canada have imposed sanctions on Iran, whose nuclear programme they accuse of being proliferatory. The USA has added a charge of money laundering to place sanctions on Iranian financial institutions, showing once again that it will not tolerate any institutions carrying out business which it does not control. However, the sanctions have been slapped on a total of 11 companies, which, apart from the financial institutions, also include organisations in the petrochemical and gas sectors. Here again, the Iranian nuclear programme is being made an excuse to target institutions which have business with American and Canadian corporations in these sectors. The USA and Canada are making a UN report the excuse for this step, even though both countries have helped India in its nuclear programme, the USA having given it a civilian nuclear accord, and Canada having helped it join the Nuclear Suppliers Group. The two countries, by this assistance to India, a declared nuclear-weapon power since 1975, have laid waste their own self-declared non-proliferation goals. This has made their opposition to Irans nuclear programme is purely hypocritical, and the latest sanctions just another example of that hypocrisy. Irans drive towards mastering the technology of uranium enrichment has brought it into conflict with Western powers, which want to maintain their monopoly over it on the plea of non-proliferation, but also coincidentally ensuring that their corporations retain their monopoly over civilian use of nuclear power. Western powers use non-proliferation as a stick to beat Third-World countries. The USA does not pay any attention to Israels obtaining nuclear weapons under the guise of a civilian programme, and even though there is evidence of them having tested a weapon, no sanctions have been imposed on it by the USA or Canada. Indeed, the strength of the Israeli lobby can be gauged not only by the blind eye turned to Israels bomb, but also by the virulence with which Irans peaceful nuclear programme is being pursued. Pakistans immediate concern is with the pipeline project from Iran. The sanctions will not affect it. That should not stop Pakistan continuing to support the neighbour with which it shares so many historical ties. Specifically, Pakistan must resist the renewed pressure that it should expect to put off the gasline project.