A critic of the Indo-US nuclear deal has raised objections over China helping Pakistan in building two new atomic reactors, saying that the agreement flouts the norms established by the NSG and would further "destabilise" South Asia. "The Peoples' Republic of China has had a long history of nuclear cooperation with Pakistan. This history made China and Pakistan likely candidates for future nuclear cooperation in violation of NSG guidelines, which was always a concern for those of us who opposed Indo-US nuclear deal," Massachussetts Democratic Congressman Edward Markey said in his October 23 letter to the Secretary of State Condoleezza Rice. Markey said, "Unfortunately, our concerns appear to be borne out in the events that are unfolding right now, which must be considered a direct consequence of the US-India nuclear deal." "I strongly opposed the US-India nuclear cooperation deal on the grounds that it would gravely damage the vitally important nonproliferation regime. A key concern raised by this agreement was that waiving the international rules for India would set a precedent for other nations to flout international nuclear nonproliferation export controls for their allies or trading partners," he said. China has built one nuclear reactor 'Chashma 1' in Pakistan and is currently nearing completion of 'Chashma II'. The contracts for these reactors existed before China received membership in the NSG in 2004 and because of this China was allowed to complete work on them. "It is vital to note that the provision of new nuclear reactors to Pakistan would violate the NSG guidelines, as Pakistan does not allow full-scope International Atomic Energy Agency safeguards" the Democratic lawmaker has said. "Any new nuclear reactors provided by China to Pakistan would have been contracted for after China's entrance into the NSG, and therefore be impermissible according to the NSG guidelines," Markey wrote in the letter which will be replied within a two week time. "Has the Department of State confirmed with either Pakistan or China, or both, that an agreement has been reached on the provision of any additional nuclear reactors other than Chashma 1 and II?; Would the provision of a nuclear reactor to Pakistan by China, contracted for after China's entrance into the NSG, violate the guidelines of the Nuclear Suppliers' Group? Has the Department of State communicated to Pakistan and China that the provision of a nuclear reactor other than Chashma 1 and II to Pakistan by China would violate the guidelines of the Nuclear Suppliers' Group?" Markey has asked in the letter. "If the provision by China of two additional reactors to Pakistan (beyond Chashma I and Chashma II) does violate NSG guidelines, what actions are available to the US to protest the deal or penalise China or Pakistan? Will administration seek to have China abandon the deal?; Will the US raise this issue at the next NSG meeting in November, 2008? ;recent press reports indicate that Pakistan may request emergency loans from the International Monetary Fund," he said. This raises the possibility that Pakistan could receive international development funding at the same time that it is entering into contracts to pay China for the construction of nuclear reactors in violation of the Nuclear Suppliers' Group guidelines. Would the US seek to block the extension of IMF loans to Pakistan if such a nuclear agreement is under consideration?" Markey has asked.