KARACHI - Around 86 per cent respondents, in a survey, have favoured provincial autonomy while 14 per cent opposed it. Centre of Excellence for Womens Studies, University of Karachi, has conducted a survey on the topic of provincial autonomy under the supervision of the Centre Director Prof Dr Nasreen Aslam Shah. The survey team included Syed Faisal Hashmi, Muhammad Nadeemullah, Muhammad Faisal Zia, Waseem Khan, Syed Minhal Ali, Talha Ahmed Siddiqui, and Ahmed Muhammad Ali. Dr Nasreen Aslam, in a statement issued on Friday, said that survey method was simple random sampling. She said, Around 500 people of Karachi were interviewed in the survey. The opinion was taken from the masses of all towns of Karachi, which included people belonging to different walks of life including journalist, government and private sector workers, doctors, engineers, lawyers, transporters, teachers, nurses, business men, bankers, students and technicians. The age group of respondents were from 20 to more than 50 years. Their income range was from 3,000 to 13,000 rupees and above. According to 94 per cent of respondents, provincial autonomy will develop the provinces because they will get their rights however 6 per cent respondents thought that it will not help in the development. Ninety per cent respondents viewed that it will end terrorism because it increases reliability on its own resources, while 10 per cent respondents do not think that it will make any difference in ending the terrorism. According to 96 per cent of respondents, provincial autonomy will allow the provinces to give more attention towards education, 8 per cent said that due to provincial autonomy more than one education system would be established. Eighty-nine per cent of respondents thought that health sector will develop due to provincial autonomy, 11 per cent said that it did not make any difference on health sector. According to the opinion of 90 per cent of respondents, opportunities of employment will be created because new institutions will establish in the provinces, 10 per cent of respondents thought that employment is not related to provincial autonomy. Dr Nasreen said: In the opinion of 91 per cent of respondents, ethnicity and sectarianism will be reduced with the provincial autonomy because if people get equal rights than level of tolerance will increase. According to 9 per cent respondents, provincial autonomy will not change peoples beliefs. 88 per cent thought that provincial autonomy will improve national economy and country will develop while 12 per cent believe that only the federal government can develop the economy. 91.4 per cent thought that provincial autonomy would make the province strong which in turn make the country strong while 8.6 per cent respondents thought that federal government will be weak due to provincial autonomy. Ninety-one per cent of respondents said that provincial autonomy would create cooperation among the federal and provinces, which would increase the confidence level between both and 9 per cent of respondents thought that it would start power war between the federal and the provinces. 90.2 per cent respondents thought that due to provincial autonomy, the feeling of deprivation in the provinces will be reduced, 10 per cent of respondents said that provincial autonomy would benefit the government more. 96 percent said that provincial autonomy would develop the provincial economy which would reduce its burden of national loans, 8 per cent respondents said that provincial autonomy would not help in cutting down the loans. 91 per cent said that provincial autonomy would create balance in provinces between the federal government and provinces and 9 per cent of respondents said that it would create imbalance in authorities between the Federal and the provinces. According to the opinion of 93 per cent respondents, peace and prosperity will be better and 7 per cent said that situation of peace would become worst due to provincial autonomy. 89 per cent thought that federal govt should only have departments of finance, foreign affairs and defence because federal government have already enough departments while 11 per cent said that federal would be powerful with more departments, she said.