Chief Justice of Pakistan, Justice Iftikhar Muhammad Chaudhry has said that Judicial academies could play a positive role in strengthening the administration of justice by equipping the judges through training programs with the values of equality before the law, fairness, and impartiality, independence of decision-making, competence, integrity, transparency, accessibility, timeliness and certainty. These values when endorsed and promoted by the judges will be a reflection of an impartial judicial system. A journey towards judicial reformation based on these values will be in fact the journey towards the strengthening of judicial system, he said. Addressing the 1st summit of all Pakistan Judicial Academies here on Friday, CJ said that it was an honour for him to inaugurate the first summit of the Pakistan Judicial Academies and he highly appreciated the efforts of the Chief Justice of High Court of Sindh for providing a platform for exchange of ideas by legal experts in order to cope with demands of efficient judicial system, generated by rising expectations of the general public from the judiciary. He said that fair dispensation of justice was the prime responsibility of Judiciary and the attainment of that objective was dependent upon strict adherence to law and Constitutional norms by the judges. Judiciary plays a pivotal role in securing societal tranquility by providing a structured institutionalized forum for the determination of discord and dispute and the redressal of civil and criminal wrongs and grievances, he said. He said that the judicial institution in any democratic State was the guardian of the Constitution and protector of the rights of citizens. He said that the judiciary's foremost role as the third pillar of the State was to defend and uphold the Constitution. In the words of Charles Evans Hughes We are under a Constitution, but the Constitution is what the judges say it is, and the judiciary is the safeguard of our liberty and of our property under the Constitution. In Pakistan, the role of judiciary is getting vital with every passing day as the citizens are reposing more confidence in this institution for the redressal of their grievances. It is therefore incumbent upon the judges of superior as well as subordinate courts to acquaint themselves with a better and wider knowledge of human society and its foibles, in order to resolve the contemporary societal problems, he said. He said that the Constitution of Pakistan protected judicial independence in order to promote the Rule of Law and the judges are expected to administer the law fairly without fear and favour. Judicial independence calls for a special responsibility of the judges to attend properly and conscientiously to their duties. Judicial independence was not possible until and unless the doctrine of trichotomy of powers as envisaged by the Constitution itself, was followed in letter and in spirit, he said. CJ said that the doctrine of trichotomy of powers rests upon the recognition of the fact that the concentration of absolute power in one individual or institution will inevitably result in exploitation and tyranny. He said that the framers of the Constitution being well aware of Lord Actons dictum, 'Power tends to corrupt; and absolute power corrupts absolutely, demarcated the scope of powers of all the organs of the State namely the executive, the legislature and the judiciary. Each of them has to perform separate and strictly delineated functions without interfering in the jurisdictional domain of the other, he said. Judicial service is one of the esteemed and sought after avenues today and the entrants of this service must be men of integrity, prudence and knowledge. Presently four judicial academies are operating in Pakistan, one at the Federal capital and three in provinces; the province of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa will also soon have its own academy. The academies are engaged with task of imparting necessary training and orientation in the laws, judicial norms and etiquettes to the judges. The Federal Judicial Academy has been striving to impart pre-service as well as in-service judicial training to the judges for improvement of the judicial system and quality of judicial work. Similarly, the newly established judicial academies in the provinces are also playing their part in achieving these goals at the provincial level, he said. He said that the purpose of establishment of the judicial academies besides other aspects was also to cure the intrinsic weaknesses of the judicial system at different hierarchies. This summit will provide us with an opportunity to critically examine our judicial institutions to make sure that they meet the present needs of the societal problems. I believe that for the process of reform to take effect, a good cooperative understanding between judges and lawyers about best practices is essential. There is a need for the development of new ethos of efficiency and cooperation among the legal fraternity in order to cure the weaknesses of the judicial set up in Pakistan, he said. He said that the judicial Academies should play a lead role in disseminating knowledge about specialized subjects and reformed legislation. Judges must also be acquainted about international conventions and declarations, he said. He said, in order to bring homogeneity about the judicial training, it is desirable that the courses, orientation programs and lectures about the general substantive and procedural laws should be common, as far as possible, in all the academies. The syllabi of the judicial academies should be approved after due deliberation by the Board of Governors of the Federal Judicial Academy , so that all the judges throughout Pakistan adhere to similar traits of integrity, independence, accountability and fair play notwithstanding the regional diversities. He said that judicial education and training was necessary not only for new entrants of the judicial service but also for the serving judges, for effective and efficient administration of justice in the country. Keeping in view the ensuing trends in jurisprudence, such as cyber crimes, environmental law, alternate dispute resolution, forensic science and criminology, local, national and international law, the judges need to be educated in these fields during pre-service and in-service trainings from time to time, he said. He said that in the world of globalization and information technology, the judges should be computer literate. He said that the judicial academies should specifically focus on imparting awareness about utilizing information technology tools. Almost all developed countries of the world have their law sites that can be accessed through internet. The judges should be encouraged to fully acquaint themselves with the legal principles of foreign jurisdiction in order to broaden their legal acumen. The judges, however, should be discouraged about plagiarizing the text from the internet or books without mentioning the sources. Special courses about the concept of plagiarism and its ill effects need to be included in the training of the judges during their stay at the judicial academies, he said.