KARACHI - The three-day workshop at Sindh Institute of Urology and Transplantation (SIUT) introduced research in science and medicine in the use of internet resources to analyse the vast amount of genetic data being produced by laboratories worldwide.
Our body structure and functions are mostly controlled by genes that are present in every cell in our body. A disease results from damaging changes taking place in these genes. As a consequence, a better understanding of our genome leads to a better understanding of the causes of many human diseases. In last few years, we saw the advent of a genomic revolution that made possible a number of discoveries in both the research and medical fields. The latest findings will deliver a great deal of benefits and improvements in the quality of life of a common person through personalised diagnosis and treatment.
In near future medical practice is bound to change from “diagnose and treat” to “predict and prevent”. With genetic screening, it will be possible to predict and monitor one’s susceptibility to a particular disease or infection, therefore allowing for appropriate interventions to reduce painful and expensive diagnostic tests and treatments.
For example, within the same family exposed to tuberculosis in a confined living area, some individuals contract the disease while others remain apparently healthy because of their genetic make up. Similarly drugs that are used for the treatment of various diseases will have different efficacy and toxicity in different individuals. To determine one’s genetic profile will be therefore crucial to understand an individual’s response to infections and the use of suitable drugs for their treatments.
The requirement for fewer tests to diagnose diseases and the increased accuracy of prescribing drugs that will be effective for a particular individual, will reduce expenses and increase benefits to suffering patients. The workshop provided the expertise and current knowledge for Pakistani researchers and physicians to translate the genetic approach to everyday clinical practice .
Meanwhile, Pakistan Biotechnology Information Centre (PABIC) is going to hold a press briefing on “Application of Modern Biotechnology” on March 28 at Latif Ebrahim Jamal (LEJ) National Science Information Centre, Karachi University.
The event will also include the launching of ISAAA brief 43. The basic theme of this event, organised by Pabic, situated at International Centre for Chemical and Biological Sciences (ICCBS), KU, is to raise awareness about the tremendous potential of biotechnology commercialisation for the sustainable development of the economy of Pakistan. Director General Pakistan Atomic Energy Commission Dr Yousuf Zafar will be the chief guest, while ICCBS Director Prof Dr Iqbal Chaudhary and Dr Saifullah Khan of ICCBS will brief the press conference.