PESHAWAR  - World Health Organisation (WHO) celebrates the 24th March as “World TB Day” every year aimed at increasing efforts to control the disease.

In Peshawar, 28 diagnostic centres and 76 treatment centres are working in all four towns heaving TB treatment facilities for diagnosing TB patients.

Doctors, paramedics and laboratory staff have been trained by the Provincial TB Control Programme in the whole province, and the credit goes to Provincial TB Manager Dr Abdul Ghafoor, Dr Abdul Latif, Dr Obaid Hussain currently with their national programme officers and team.

Tuberculosis is an old, contagious but 100 per cent curable disease. It not only involves the lungs but it also effects the other organs of the body like Glands, Spine, Joints, Bones, Pharynx, Bladder, Brain, Pericardium, Eyes, Uterus, Genital and Urinary System Organs but Liver, Spleen, Stomach and Pancreas are not involved.

This disease is transmitted to healthy persons by coughing, sneezing and by spitting sputum by droplet infection by a bacteria called “My co-bacterium Tuberculosis”.

The Mycobacterium remains alive in dark places for years and only destroyed by sunlight and also effects any sex and age.

The sputum smear positive patient infects 10-12 healthy persons in duration of one year. “Robert Koch” discovered this bacterium on 24th March 1882. One person is newly-infected with TB bacilli every second and some one die of TB every ten second.

This disease effects the reproductive age 14-45 years of life and the family suffers both economically and socially. Over all one third of the world’s population in currently infected with TB Bacilli. Every year more than 0.1 million children and 1 million female die of tuberculosis annually and Pakistan is one of the 6th high burden countries regarding TB.

Advent of HIV has added up the burden because each one speeds up the progress of the other. The World Health Organisation has declared TB as global emergency in 1993 and declared DOTS (Directly Observed Treatment Short Course) is the most proper sure way to treat and over come this disease. And it was introduced for the first time in Peshawar. In Khyber Pakhtunkhwa there are 218 Diagnest and 814 Treatment Centre are working in Pakistan.