KARACHI - Environmental issues are one of the dangerous issues, world faces in the contemporary era. Those days are gone when environmentalists were considered to be the only stakeholder of resolving environmental issues, today economists and sociologists are also key stakeholders to resolve this greater challenge.

“We all must have to play our individual roles for resolution of this pertinent issue. Good governance plays a pivotal role in a country’s progress. Accountability, rule of law, transparency and provision of facilities on equality are the main features of good governance. Those societies have prospered in the history of the world, who gave equal opportunities of livelihood to its citizens.”

These views were expressed by Professor Dr Muhammad Ajmal Khan, Vice Chancellor University of Karachi (KU) while giving the presidential address at the 3 days International Conference entitled “Towards Inclusive Governance and Efficient Institutions for Sustainable Development (TIGEISD)” organised by Applied Economics Research Center(AERC), KU at HEJ Auditorium.

“In Pakistan, we make new policies and change it in few years, there is a dire need of sustainability in our policy making process. Goal of sustainable development is only possible if we make sustainable policies which remain intact despite transfer of power from one political government to other,” said Dr Ajmal Khan.

Giving his keynote address, Canadian High Commissioner in Pakistan Perry John Calderwood said that Canada accepted 35,000 Syrian refugees last year and will accept the similar number of refugees this year too. It should be the right of every citizen of a country to participate fully in all aspects of society, including its governance structures. But it is also important, and essential, I would argue, in order for any society to achieve its full potential.

“Extremist ideologies find fertile recruiting ground in countries where there are high levels of inequality, and in which segments of the population are excluded from participation in governance and economic opportunity”, added the High Commissioner.

“Gender equality is a must feature for an inclusive society. There are nearly 200 countries in the world. Many of the world’s largest countries have never had a woman leader, countries like the United States, China, Japan, France and Russia in modern times. And in some of the few countries which have had women leaders, including in South Asia, those leaders have tended to emerge from prominent political families. Over 90 per cent of Canadian children are educated in public schools, with the remainder either studying at independent schools or at home.”

Director AERC Prof Dr Samina Khalil gave the welcome address and welcomed all the foreign guest speakers and diplomats in the conference.

Ishtiaq Ahmed and Ali Azam presented their research paper, stating that growth is necessary but no sufficient condition for economic development and economic development is necessary but not sufficient for sustainability of humanity. Sustainable development is not only the key for future generations’ survival but also most urgent in perspective of global warming.

Market fundamental approach highlights the importance of governance for achieving the goal of sustainable development.

Keen interest of developing countries like SAARC is also enhancement of growth and development and in this race they could forget the sustainability of humanity on the globe because governance of developing countries is very poor.

Manzoor Hussain Memon, Muhammad Abdul Kalam and Khalid Khan stated that corruption is considered and enduring dilemma especially for developing countries and is one of the main indicators of assessing quality of governance. Abuse of the public powers and authorities for unlawful personal and private gains retards economic growth and development process.