The Indo-US civil nuclear cooperation allows the giant South Asian country access to US civil nuclear fuel and technology. The cooperation initiated by President Bush during his visit to New Delhi in July 2005 took a concrete shape on October 10, 2008. In the these three years, both New Delhi and Washington had to face some opposition at home as well as objections from the IAEA, Nuclear Supplies Group (NSG) and the Congress. Some laws were amended that posed a question for global non-proliferation efforts. It is obvious that the Indo-US agreement undermined the non-proliferation regime. The 1974-Indian Pokhran test was a result of diversion from civil facilities to military. India was the first country to illegally convert a civilian nuclear facility that was provided by the US for peaceful purposes. The 1974 test was a challenge to the US non-proliferation policy. The US supplies for nuclear power plant were ceased immediately after that. Even Canada suspended work on Rajasthan Atomic Power Plant and left it half way. Officially the cooperation was stopped and President Jimmy Carter signed the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Act 1978 restricting nuclear trade with states that did not agree to safeguards. The US-India agreement has also violated the NPT Article 1. -BEENISH ALTAF RAJA, Rawalpindi, via e-mail, January 10.