NORTH Korea has carried out a nuclear test, its first since the one in October 2006 saw it become the eighth nation to do so. This test comes after the world community had initially responded to the first test by offering North Korea mainly economic inducements to wind down its programme, but it had indicated that it would go back to nuclear production and conduct a test after those particular talks collapsed. US sources are also giving much importance to the detention of two American telejournalists, who are scheduled to go on trial for espionage next month, and who were captured in March near the North Korea-China border. The North Korean nuclear weapon is meant for general defence in a generally dangerous neighbourhood, but is specifically focused on South Korean forces, backed by US forces. North Korea, which US President George W. Bush described, along with Iran and Iraq, as part of an 'axis of evil' in his 2002 State of the Union address to Congress, has been unduly demonized without it being realized that its international behaviour is the result of the misconceived policies of bullying, particularly by the Bush Administration and by all American administrations of the recent past which have had to deal with the problem, and which, according to the North Korean Foreign Ministry, have been continued by the Obama Administration. As a result, North Korea has not accepted the US offer of further talks on its nuclear programme, and expelled UN nuclear monitors. Though Bush Administration officials might argue they had merely inherited situations, while nuclear testing was resumed under Clinton and Bush, Bush was responsible for the failure of the world's non-proliferation regime. One reason was the special treatment Bush wanted for India, and the second was its failure to do anything towards the goal to which the Non-Proliferation Treaty is intended: nuclear disarmament, even by the nuclear powers.