HYDERABAD : Assistance Professor of Urology LUMHS Professor Dr Jay Pal Paryani said that more than 240 million people with diabetes worldwide who were prone to kidney diseases and this figure is projected to rise to 380 million by 2025, largely due to population growth, aging, urbanization, unhealthy eating habits, increased body fat and a sedentary lifestyle. Talking to APP here on Wednesday Professor Jay Pal Paryani informed that chronic kidney disease, a common medical problem is estimated to affect significant number of population of Pakistan ,where one in every three in the age group of 40 plus citizens was inflicted with one or the other kidney disease. He said that the number of kidney patients in Pakistan are increasing due to late diagnosis, high volume of kidney stone disease and increasing incidence of diabetes and high blood pressure among people.

Dr Jay Pal Paryani said that available studies identify diabetes and high blood pressure as the two commonest causes of chronic kidney disease. He called for widespread screening of those sections of society that are at risk of kidney disease, emphasizing that it is essential to create awareness among physicians as well as the public. Dr Jay Paryani said that the prevalence of kidney diseases is increasing dramatically and the cost of treating chronic diseases represents a leading threat to healthcare resources worldwide, he added.

To avoid complications of kidney disease, patients should live a simple and active life and adopt preventive measures to avoid complications, Professor Jay informed.

Dr Jay Pal Paryani advised treating and preventing urinary infection, increasing fluid intake, decreasing protein intake and eating in moderation.

He also referred to varied treatments available for the problem and specially mentioned of endoscopy which is used to treat stones in the urethra and urinary bladder.

Dr Jay Pal Parani further said that chronic kidney disease (CKD) is silent and may unnoticed for a long time as it takes a while for symptoms to appear.

Early warning signs of kidney disease in children, which include high blood pressure, pain in back, puffy eyes, swollen hands and feet and passage of blood through urine, Dr. Jay Pal Paryani said.

He said that blood pressure and sugar was some of the main reasons of kidney diseases, which could be avoided if people took it seriously and ensured their timely medical checkup.

Professor Jay Pal Paryani  highlighted the existing and rapidly rising burden of chronic kidney disease in Pakistan, and emphasized the need for aggressive screening for the presence of kidney disease by simple blood and urine test of men and women with diabetes, hypertension, obesity, aged 50 years or over, as well as those with family history of kidney disease.

He also stressed the importance of early investigation, on any suspicion of kidney disease or infection.