There is a third option. If the UN cannot gather consensus to address the Kashmir issue, and the US cannot look beyond the glamour of Bollywood to see the fascism of the Indian ruling party, independent humanitarian agencies can be lobbied to take note. These agencies, like the Red Crescent and Red Cross, do not have the power to generate actual resolutions and diplomacy, but can at least observe the truth of Pakistan’s accusation over Indian abuses of human rights. While we have to rely on states to make decisions, and the reports of the news media are shot down by hawks on either sides, a respected humanitarian agency reporting and aiding victims can cause a change in international opinion.

In growing hostility between Indian-administered Kashmir and the Indian state almost 88 civilians and three policemen have died in 77 days. Shutdown and curfew-like restrictions continue unabated. Estimates put the troop-count between half-a-million and one million on the Indian side. Armed Forces (Special Powers) Act (AFSPA) was enacted in 1990. The law gives complete impunity to armed forces to shoot a person on mere suspicion and arrest anyone or search any place without a warrant. There can be no legal proceeding against anyone acting under the law. Amnesty International reports that the Indian Government has dismissed 96% complaints against the army since 1993, and accuses the Indian forces of human rights violations.

Just these facts are a good enough argument to bring more agencies to take notice and offer aid or mediation.

The good thing is that government of Azad Jammu and Kashmir has done just that. The government has urged the Pakistan Red Crescent Society (PRCS) to extend its relief activities to the areas along the Line of Control as these are worst affected by natural disaster and conflict, specifically the PRCS and the Danish Red Cross. However this was just one meeting, and it remains to be seen whether international humanitarian organisations will take up the task.