ISLAMABAD (APP) - Prime Minister Syed Yusuf Raza Gilani will lead the Pakistans delegation to the 16th SAARC Summit being held in Thimphu, Bhutan from April 28-29. The heads of state and government of Afghanistan, Bangladesh, Bhutan, India, Maldives, Nepal, Pakistan and Sri Lanka are attending the Summit. Representatives from the observer states will also be participating in the Summit. Currently China, Iran, Japan, South Korea, Mauritius, Myanmar, Australia, United States, and European Union are observers. The South Asian Association for Regional Cooperation (SAARC) Summit will adopt a declaration titled Towards a Green and Happy South Asia, which will focus on the problems relating to environment and climate change. During the summit, the Secretariat of SAARC Development Fund will also be inaugurated. Foreign Office spokesman giving details of the summit said Pakistan attaches great importance to SAARC and is committed to the principles and objectives of the SAARC Charter. Pakistan has played a constructive role to make SAARC a viable organisation for regional cooperation, based on the principles of sovereign equality. The spokesman said, We believe that the SAARC can serve as a platform to build economic synergies and transform the quality of life of the peoples of South Asia. During the summit, the Prime Minister will highlight important issues like matters relating to poverty alleviation, energy cooperation, water conservation, interaction in agriculture and rural development, cooperation on promotion of welfare of women and children and development of better health facilities for the peoples of South Asia. Pakistan supports the SAARC Social Charter and the Prime Minister will urge upon the member states to pursue social policies and strategies to ensure overall balanced social development. At Pakistans initiative, Colombo statement on food security was adopted during the 15th SAARC Summit in 2008. The Prime Minister will urge upon the Heads of State or government to ensure region-wide food security. Pakistan had also introduced the concept of Energy Ring in South Asia which became the vision of SAARC leaders for the attainment of Energy Security. The Prime Minister will be holding bilateral meetings with his counterparts as well as representatives of Observer States. An important meeting between Prime Minister Gilani and his Indian counterpart Dr Manmohan Singh is also expected on the sidelines of the summit on April 28. Both the leaders will discuss the issue of Composite Dialogue Process besides other disputes between the two countries. Pakistan favours SAARC linkages with observers and international institutions to promote project-based development cooperation. SAARC is very important organisation of the region and in terms of population, its sphere of influence is the largest of any regional organisation with almost 1.6 billion population, which is 23 per cent of the world population. It was established on December 8, 1985 by Bangladesh, Bhutan, Maldives, Nepal, Pakistan, India and Sri Lanka and in April 2007, at its 14th Summit, Afghanistan became its eighth member. Celebrating 2010 as its silver jubilee year, the leaders of SAARC have special agenda to be discussed in the Summit being held in Thimphu. On the occasion of its 25th year, Bhutan has the honour to host the 16th SAARC Summit, that will be the first ever being hosted by this country. Despite SAARCs emphasis on trade as one of the major priority areas of economic cooperation, total external trade of the region amounts to a mere 1.6 per cent of the world trade. A SAARC Village, which will accommodate the heads of state and governments of SAARC member states during the summit has been tastefully decorated in traditional style. Bhutan government has finalised the arrangements for hosting the summit in befitting manner. Bhutan will receive over 450 delegates from SAARC member states, and over 40 delegates from 9 Observer States, besides 150 journalists from regional and international media agencies. Meanwhile, South Asian Free Media Association (SAFMA) is also organising SAARC journalist Summit, parallel to the SAARC Summit. Thimphu, the capital of Bhutan has received a major facelift with gates, flags and banners planted all over the places. A massive clean-up campaign of the town and the riverbank has also been completed. The road between Thimphu and Paro airport has also been improved for safety, while hundreds of school children and other residents will wave the flags of SAARC and SAARC countries to receive the dignitaries along the way. Bhutan is a small landlocked country in the Eastern Himalayas bordered by China in the North and India on the other three sides. It has a total land area of 38,394 square kilometers. It has over 72 per cent of its land under forest cover. The national parks and the wildlife sanctuaries are home to some of the rarest and most significant animals in the world. Bhutan has the population of 671,083. Thimphu, the capital of Bhutan, and the venue of the 16th SAARC Summit is located at an altitude of 7,500 feet above sea level, and located on the western slopes of the Wangchhu River in Thimphu valley. With a population of about 100,000 residents, it is also the largest city in Bhutan. Thimphu is the only capital city in the world without traffic lights.