LAHORE – Persistent severe cold and dryness has caused considerable increase in weather related diseases among Lahorites, especially children and elderly people, experts told TheNation on Monday.

With no significant rain giving system affecting the City at least for a week, the experts have suggested necessary precautionary measures to avoid weather related diseases.

Excessive pollution in the atmosphere coupled with severe cold after gradual decrease in the mercury level has provided favourable conditions for hazardous microorganisms to flourish, causing serious health hazards especially among children and elderly people having less immunity.

The experts have suggested the people to avoid exposure to severe dry cold and enhance immunity by taking balanced diet and increasing fluid intake to save themselves from weather related diseases.

Excessive cold and dryness has caused considerable increase in cases of respiratory tract infection, skin dryness and allergy, common cold, pain in joints, cough, flu and frost bite, said medical specialist Dr Abdul Rauf, adding, the people should take extra care to save themselves from these weather related diseases. He urged the people to wear warm cloths and properly cover head before going outdoors. He advised people to avoid sharing handkerchief, towel and blanket with those already caught any of the weather related diseases. He also stressed upon taking balanced diet and enhancing liquid intake. He also suggested use of moisturizers to avoid skin dryness and rashes.

“Suspended unburnt carbon, acid and dust particles in the atmosphere are posing serious health hazards. Persistent dry spell has caused accumulation of these hazardous particles in the atmosphere. A good rain can wash away these hazardous particles from the atmosphere but it is not happening for prolong period. Decrease in the mercury level close to the freezing point coupled with high pollution has caused serious hazards and there is need of taking precautionary measures to avoid diseases”, said meteorological expert Shaukat Ali Awan, adding, people would have to face these harsh weather conditions at least for a week as no rain giving system was approaching Lahore. He said that a weak westerly wave could give snowfall over the hills and rains in upper parts of the country. He said that this system could give only cloudiness in Lahore and there were hardly any chances of rains.

According to the synoptic situation, a westerly is affecting northern parts of the country.

On Monday, maximum and minimum temperature in the City was recorded 19.3 degree Celsius and 0.5 C respectively. Relative humidity in the morning was recorded 82 per cent which decreased to 50 per cent in the evening.

Local meteorological department has forecast mainly cold and dry weather for most parts of the country and mist after midnight till in the morning for the plains including the City during the next couple of days.