In 1954, J.R. Jayewardene, the former President of Sri Lanka, said: "History has shown that adventures and men with imperialistic ideas may at any moment gain control of the reins of the government in a state, and if that happens in India, the smaller nations that are her neighbours would have to seek protection not from external aggression but from Indian aggression." The narration has proved that, India is one of the very few countries, if not the only country, that has or had unfriendly relationship with every one of its neighbours. In the last fifty years, the Sri Lankans had looked upon India as "a mountain that might, at any time, send down destructive avalanches and does not want Sri Lanka to be a force in its own right." The people and government of Sri Lanka believe that New Delhi is intent on keeping its neighbours off balance, so that, it can exert more leverage in the regional politics. Even within South Asia, India exerts to dominate every country sharing borders with it. India has serious water and border issues with Bangladesh, and does not allow Nepal - the only Hindu state - to take decisions at its own. It covertly supported the rebel's attacks and coup d'tat against the Government of Maldives. It has been constantly interfering in the internal affairs of land locked Buddhist Kingdom of Bhutan. With presence of a huge number of its secret service elements in Afghanistan, it continuously initiates and instigates terrorist activities within Pakistani territories. Located south of the Indian peninsula and separated by the 'Palk Strait', the Republic of Sri Lanka, primitively known as Ceylon, is an Island. It is a multi-racial, multi-lingual and multi-religious country with Sinhalese, Sri Lankan Tamils, Indian Tamils, and Sri Lankan Moors (Muslims) as major ethnic groups. Within this diversity; 71 percent population of the country is Buddhist, 12 percent Hindu, 9 percent Muslims and 7 percent Roman Catholic. The Tamils are mostly Hindus. After the end of the Colonial rule, the first violent attack between the dominant Sinhalese and minority Tamils occurred in 1958 and thereafter such attacks became much more frequent. In 1972, Tamils established their organisation, namely; 'Tamil New Tigers' later renamed as the 'Liberation of Tigers of Tamil Eelam' (LTTE) in 1976 and accelerated its violent campaign for Tamil independence. In pursuance of regional hegemony, Indian attempt has been to make Sri Lanka, dependent for its security and survival. Under the leadership of Indra Gandhi, the late Indian Prime Minister, the task of destabilising Sri Lanka was assigned to the notorious Indian intelligence agency, RAW. Since its creation in 1968, the spying agency is working directly under the Indian prime minister. It was part of the infamous 'Indra Doctrine' for undertaking covert operations in all neighbouring countries. These operations included; political dissent, ethnic divisions, economic backwardness etc. The criminal elements in RAW had an ultimate aim to stage-manage the future events of these countries, with the unlimited and unaccounted for budget. Indeed the 'Indra Doctrine' was aimed to maintain India's supremacy all over the South Asian states. As the first step of destabilising Sri Lanka, Mrs Gandhi instructed RAW to create the LTTE's training camps at Tamil Nadu in late 1970s. RAW organised guerrilla training for LTTE in India as well as in certain training centres like; Gunda, Gorakpur within Sri Lankan territory. Advanced training of the LTTE was arranged by the Indian intelligence agency in Lebanon under Russian General Mikhail Barsukov in early 1990s. RAW also managed LTTE's sophisticated training in Israel in collaboration with its intelligence agency MOSSAD. Following the training of its guerrillas, the LTTE gained impetus in the 1980s, with undertaking major killings. The trend-setter was V. Prabhakaran, the founding father and life time head of LTTE, who killed the Mayor of Jaffna in broad daylight. LTTE's ruthlessness and precision can be gauged by the assassination of Sri Lankan President Ranasinghe Premdasa in 1993, and an assassination attempt made on former President Ms Chandrika Kumartunga. In 2006, the emboldened Tiger rebels, equipped with air power, launched air strikes on the Colombo international airport. The level of Indian involvement can also be imagined from the fact that Prabhakaran, the LTTE head was arrested by Indian police in 1982 in India. But, later on, he was not only released, but kept as special guest by RAW for quite some time before abetting him to join back the LTTE's Headquarters in Jaffna. After the death of Indra Gandhi, it was expected that there would be an end to the Indian active support to LTTE. But unfortunately this did not happen. Apparently the then Prime Minister Rajiv Gandhi, deplored Indian support to LTTE, but practically RAW continued its training, financial assistance and abetment. This is quite evident from the April 26, 1987 incident, when Sri Lankan Navy destroyed an Indian vessel, carrying heavy arms and ammunition for LTTE in the strait separating Sri Lanka from southern India. India was accused officially by Sri Lankan government that: "The boat was bringing a very large stock of arms and ammunition from India, and a search of the wreckage found detonator cords and pieces of weapons floating in the water." This statement was pinpointing of the fact that in spite of repeated requests by Sri Lankan government and Indian promises, the latter had not put an end to its covert assistance to separatist Tamils, in complete violation of international norms. Although India has repeatedly denied harbouring the Sri Lankan guerrillas, but later on many interviews from Tamil separatist leaders, indicate that LTTE guerrillas and leaders go to India to meet key Indian strategists and planners in order to coordinate recruiting, training and even welfare services for their movement. In 1987, Sri Lanka was forced to enter into an agreement with India for deployment of over 80,000 Indian military forces for a peace keeping mission. Sri Lankan took this peace keeping operation as a long-term occupational strategy by India and seriously reacted to this act. Even Indian Premier, Rajiv Gandhi was assaulted by a sailor of Sri Lankan Navy, and could narrowly escape during the presentation of the guard of honour. Indian peace keeping force had to pullout under strong public resentment by succeeding Lankan government. It is said that even both warring factions (Tamil and Sinhalese) joined hands against Indian peace keepers. Unfortunately, by the time the Indian peace keeping force left Sri Lanka in March 1990, the country had lost more territory that the Sri Lankan forces were able to hold against the LTTE. During the entire duration of the LTTE's terrorist campaign against the Sri Lankan government, India has been fully financing the Tamil movement, though LTTE has also been relying on the taxes and other domestic sources either willingly donated or extorted from the local populace and limited finances from overseas Tamils. LTTE, however, mainly maintained its headquarters and training facilities in the Indian state of Tamil Nadu, where the state government and a predominantly Tamil population were sympathetic to them. Indeed the Tamil Tigers; trained from abroad for military battle and equipped with Czech planes have proved professionally and technologically much advanced as compared to the Sri Lankan Army. Their trained 'Black Tigers', deputed for suicide attacks, used to bite into cyanide vials rather than give out secrets, once captured by security forces. Sri Lankan official sources strongly feel that the root cause of Tamil belligerency propped up by the southern part of India and the sanctuaries of Tamil rebels are to be found in Tamil Nadu. India has not stopped its active interference in Sri Lankan affairs as yet. In a major offensive operation on January 2, 2009, Sri Lankan forces however re-captured the strategically significant Kilinochchi; the capital of LTTE, after a decade, which is considered to be a major setback for the Tigers. Sri Lankan President Mahinda Rajapaksa has termed the operation as an "unparalleled victory". It has been learned that Prabhakaran, the ailing head of LTTE has narrowly escaped and secretly evacuated to an unknown location by elements of RAW. The success of the state forces against LTTE created a panic among the Indian rank and file. Immediately after the successful operation of Sri Lankan military, Indian Foreign Secretary Shivshankar Menon rushed to Sri Lanka and shared Indian concerns, apparently over the death of civilians during crossfire and stressed on the Sri Lankan government for a political solution to the conflict. The visit of Mr Menon came after repeated demands by some of the political parties in Tamil Nadu and Indian secret services, who forced Prime Minister Manmohan Singh, to prevail upon the Sri Lankan government to halt operations against the crumbling power of LTTE. Many analysts view this Indian manoeuvre, as an effort to gain time for the reinforcement and re-equipment of the LTTE, so that they can put-up stiff resistance against the government forces, once confronted again. The question arises: does India really understand the dangers of a self-created mess? The reply would obviously be in negative. Through the years of internal conflict, India itself is experiencing nine pro-independent insurgency movements in its north and northeastern states. In these states, Naxalites are literally ruling through parallel governments in over 231 districts. However, India still wishes to play the role of a bully in South Asia. Indeed time has come where South Asian countries need to ponder upon; whether India has really been a friend to anyone? It would also be good for India to rethink its 'Indra Doctrine' of hidden role and interference's in the internal affairs of its South Asian neighbours. The writer is a freelance columnist E-mail: