BJP leader L. K. Advani has warned that the opposition would resist any compromise on Kashmir, saying that there would be no tolerance of any return to the situation before 1953 when India claimed the election it conducted in Held State was a substitute for the UN-supervised plebiscite, which is still the only viable solution of the dispute. Mr Advani felt that India might buckle under the international pressure that he imagined was being exercised to accept the situation before 1953. If so, New Delhi could then be persuaded to settle the matter under UN resolutions. He should know that the present government at Islamabad looks up to the US which has arranged the resumption of talks with India. As the USA wants the region to follow India, which it sees as its regional counterweight to China, it wants all regional disputes settled according to Indian wishes, and thus any compromise it would broker on Kashmir would neglect the basic requirement of justice, the right to decide ones own fate. Even Mr Advani feels obliged to refer back to Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru, Indias first Prime Minister, in the context of the dispute, not just the stubbornness of that Indian leader that created the dispute in the first place, but because as an ethnic Kashmiri, it was his desire to keep his ancestral homeland in the Indian Union. That was the reason for this stubbornness. Mr Advani may have referred back to him because his party, Congress, was back in office, but he should also have done so (though he did not) because Pandit Nehru had agreed to the UN-supervised plebiscite not so much because he wanted the problem to be solved justly and in accordance with the wishes of the Kashmiri people, but because there is simply no other solution. The Indian establishment, no matter how hard a Hindu line it might wish to take, cannot escape the glaring reality of Kashmiri resistance being offered by unarmed people and end its brutal occupation. Instead, Mr Advani shows the uncompromising stand of India and how it intends to stick to it. In the face of such Indian intransigence, Pakistan must not contemplate any solution which will only please a third country and that too only temporarily, until the so-called decision breaks down because it does not address the aspirations of the Kashmiri people.