AH RAO

MIRPUR (AJK)-Jammu & Kashmir people dwelling either side of the line of control and rest of the world will observe October 27, Sunday (today) as black day against the forced landing of Indian armed invaders in Jammu & Kashmir this day in 1947 against the wishes of people of the State.

The day is observed as black day by Jammu Kashmir people every year to mark extreme resentment and indignation against the continued unlawful and forcible occupation of Jammu Kashmir state by the Indian tyrannical forces. India had landed her armed military troops in Srinagar on this day 60 years ago absolutely against the wishes of the people of the state.

In Indian held Kashmir, the day will be marked by complete strike and anti-Indian demonstrations across the occupied state.

It was on this day in 1947 that Indian armed troops invaded Jammu & Kashmir and occupied it absolutely against the wishes of the Jammu & Kashmir people and in the open violation of partition plan of the sub-continent.

Call for to observance of Black day has been given by the Chairman of all Parties Hurriyat Conference Mirwaiz Umar Farooq besides Kashmiri leaders including Syed Ali Gileeni, Muhammad Yasin Malik, Shabbir Ahmad Shah and the Bar Association. The black day call has been supported by AJK government to observe the day in the liberated territory besides various parts of Pakistan and remaining parts of the world where Kashmiris were living in.

Protest rallies and processions - besides public congregations will be the hallmark of the black day in all small and major towns at either side of the Line of Control in Jammu & Kashmir state i-e Azad Jammu Kashmir and Indian held Kashmir to expressed completed dissociation from India besides to apprise the world of the continued Indian brutalities unleashed against the innocent Jammu Kashmir fighting against the forcible Indian rule and to get the motherland freed from the Indian clutches.

In Mirpur, major rally to be followed by a big procession and protest demonstration will be taken out by a large number of people of all spheres of life to observe October 27 as black day at District Courts premises Sunday at 10:00am under the auspices of the District National Events Organizing Committee with the coordination of various social and political parties.

The rally will be addressed by the leading social and political workers and the representatives of various organizations representing all classes of the civil society. Speakers will highlight the importance of early peaceful settlement of the Kashmir problem besides registering protest against the continued forcible and illegal Indian occupation of Kashmir.

This year Kashmiris are all set to observe Indian invasion of Jammu Kashmir as black day when India and Pakistan were joining heads in the wake of the ongoing peace dialogue to resolve all outstanding differences including the core issue of Kashmir. Through the protest rallies, they will demand that Jammu Kashmir people be granted their birth right of self determination without further delay and which was being denied by India since last 60 years because of her traditional hostile and stubborn attitude.

BACK GROUND OF THIS BLEAK DAY IN THE HISTORY OF JAMMU & KASHMIR: October 27 is the most agonizing day in the history of Jammu & Kashmir as well as the post-partition history of the Sub-continent.

According to historians, on this day in 1947, 1-Sikh Regiment of the Indian army under the command of Lt-Col Dewan Ranjit Rai on board 10 Dakota aircraft of the Royal Indian Air Force landed at Srinagar airport at about 9.00 am.

Also the personnel of 2 and 13-Field Regiments of Indian army attired in uniforms of 1-Sikh Regiment and operating as a composite company under Capt R L Chauhan of 13-Field Regiment landed in Srinagar as part of India's military aggression in defiance of the Partition of India Act under which being a Muslim majority state, Kashmir was to be part of Pakistan.

While going through the history of this painful day, one is shocked to note the fact that landing of the Indian troops was part of a well-knotted conspiracy hatched by a clique of vested interests including Dogra Maharaja Hari Singh, his Prime Minister Mahar Chand Mahajan, the National Conference leader Sheikh Muhammad Abdullah, Indian Governor General Lord Mountbatten and the Indian leadership.

It is significant to mention here that under the Partition Plan, three states Hyderabad, Junagadh and Kashmir did not make the choice of accession either to Pakistan or India on August 15, 1947. Under the criteria laid down in the Plan, geographical situation and communal demography were required to be taken into consideration while making a choice. It was in this environment of grand changes on the political scene of the Sub-continent that the problem of future destiny of the state of Jammu and Kashmir cropped up.

In March 1939, the Indian National Congress held its annual session in Tripuri. On special invitation extended by Pandit Nehru, Sheikh Abdullah and his colleagues reached Tripuri on March 9, 1939. Jawaharlal Nehru called on the Sheikh and his team on the same day and had a long discussion with them. Next day Sardar Valabbhai Patel, and other Congress leaders also called on the delegation.

On March 11, 1939, the Sheikh in his address to the standing committee of the state's Peoples Conference, declared to support ideas and basic principles of the Indian National Congress.

On Sheikh's return to Srinagar, for the first time the Indian National Congress, flag was hoisted at the roof of the headquarters of Muslim Conference at Mujahid Manzil Srinagar. Many a Muslim Conference members were mystified about the quick shift of Sheikh Abdullah towards the Indian National Congress.

Most of the Muslim Conference leaders including Chaudhry Ghulam Abbas opposed any move to secularise the politics of the state.

Later in a special session of the Muslim Conference presided over by Ghulam Muhammad Sadiq on June 10-11, the Muslim Conference was proposed to be renamed as the National Conference.

On March 30, 1951, following the termination of UNCIP, the Security Council vide its Resolution No 91 decided that UN Military Observer Group between India and Pakistan (UNMOGIP) should continue to supervise the ceasefire in Jammu & Kashmir.

The one phase of the UN resolution that was an announcement and implementation of ceasefire and demarcation of ceasefire line between the two countries was implemented while demilitarization of the state and a free and impartial plebiscite to be conducted by the UN still remain unimplemented.