The only province where the NAP may actually be covering some ground is Balochistan. If reports are to be believed, hundred of militants are renouncing violence and laying down their arms, in exchange for state amnesty. Additionally under the NAP religious seminaries will be registered through the education department in the province. The Industries Department Balochistan has already registered more than 2000 madrassas in the province.

The government of Balochistan on Friday announced general amnesty for youths laying down their weapons and abandoning violence in the province. It has been decided that these youths will be provided financial assistance. This might be good news, if the measures to provide assistance are followed through with. The potential for an alternative and peaceful life may well stem the violence in the province. These men are not like the Taliban, ideologically inculcated into a kill-or-be-killed mode of thinking, many of them are fighting for rights and territory, under years of isolation, poverty and inequality. Reintegration as Pakistani citizens is one way to smooth things over, and their plight and misfortune must be looked at with compassion. If the state is taking an active part in disarming them, they also need to be debriefed and rehabilitated, something that never happened to the Taliban in Afghanistan after the first Afghan War, resulting in their longevity and on-going resistance against the state in Afghanistan and Pakistan. That is where the real challenge is, in successful rehabilitation and integration. It will be easy to pick up arms again, when there is no employment or prospects for a future. Without opportunities, education and infrastructure, Balochistan will continue to falter.

With these progressive moves, Balochistan may well be on the way to progress, but it is too early to call it. Will there be jobs? Will there be a quota for Balochis when Chinese roads and railways are being built? And how sincere is the government in its overtures of peace and provisions to the people? The building of the Chinese economic corridor will throw up many challenges for the political future of Balochistan, as will the reaction of the leaders and backers of the insurgency at the mass surrender.