SUKRISTIJONO SUKARDJO Indonesian tropical forests (ITR), covering an area of about 119 million hectares, is an area that presents opportunities for entrepreneurs and investors of green planet. The ITR is extremely rich in flora with diversity, including 3,000 species of timber, but only 20 species are exploited commercially. It is changing at an unprecedented rate and almost extinct in many locations due to illegal or over logging. Due to its bio-geographical, ecological and evolutionary factors, Indonesia, with a large swathe of coastal areas and tropical rainforests, is the international peoples hope. The customary public perception is Indonesia should stay green. Indonesia is the concern of the Oslo meeting as the core of carbon stock. The ITR services and the provision of carbon are vital for the worlds health. Forestry experts are in full agreement to saving ITR and worldwide knowledge about it is improving all the time. Oslo delegations recognized the importance of the ITR for the world. It was projected to decrease due to climate change. Also, Indonesia can discover further opportunities in the carbon trade from different forest types and their biological richness. Protection systems in Indonesia are increasing widely from coastal to mountains. Forests restoration-rehabilitation, coastal planting and conservation of natural resources directly related to the carbon sink, biodiversity and water catchments system are national activities. Many examples also exist in successful partnerships involving local governments, companies and community organizations in the forestry sector. The market for carbon-saving and over-logged forest areas, and mangroves rehabilitation and coastal planting technologies is attracting growing interest and many private-sector forestry companies involved. It is important to note that fresh-water, coastal and marine water resources issues are intrinsically linked to the ITR-climate changes. Water management can no longer rely on short-term approaches in which groundwater, rivers, lakes, coastal areas and marine water are dealt with as separate entities. Indonesia, with 70 percent being water, is a World Bank Forest Carbon Partnership Facility (WB-FCPF) target. The International Panel on Global Warming has climate change concerns, as sustainable land-use and water management increases the vulnerability of human health and extreme weather. Debates concerning the nature of the ITR - for public good or economic good - and fears relating to the impact of globalization and/or deforestation are over. Partnerships of governments, local communities, the private sector and other stakeholders are essential elements, which have contributed to the sustainability of the ITR. A healthy ITR, its flora and blue oceans will manage the carbon and water cycle naturally with no net loss for human welfare. The relationship between the green planet- green ITR and coasts - and the blue ocean is extremely urgent for future life. Implementation of the Sulu-Sulawesi Marine Eco-region by Indonesia, Malaysia and the Philippines - the countries of the plant geographical unit known as Malesia - is the heart of tropical rainforests in the world, and is an example for strengthening local community participatory. Copenhagen delegations appreciated Indonesia (forests and oceans) as the core of mega-biodiversity centre in the world. National parks and reserves are a tremendous educational potential. It means learning about nature with nature, it means that we adopt a new mentality in the Indonesian educational process and we rapidly move towards a bio-literate population in the country instead of only a literate population. The importance of good governance of Indonesia in this regard cannot be overemphasized: Great progress is being made, and the legislative and policy framework supports efficient and equitable allocation and use of natural resources. Indonesia is in the position of the era of climate change. The writer is a professor of mangrove ecology at the Center for Oceanological Research and Development, the Indonesian Institute of Sciences, Jakarta.