KHAIRPUR - More eminent scholars presented their research papers on the second day of a three-day international conference on “Geographical Evaluation of Agriculture in Pakistan: Challenges and Remedies’ on Tuesday.

The conference has been organised by the Department of Geography, Shah Abdul Latif University (SALU) in collaboration with Higher Education Commission (HEC) at the university’s campus.

Reading out his paper on ‘Falling Cotton Production in Punjab’, Safdar Ali Shirazi, a scholar from Lahore, said, “Pakistan is best known as an agricultural country. About 80 percent population of the country directly or indirectly depends on this sector. Pakistan has two seasons, which are Rabi and Kharif, while Punjab is regarded as a hub of agricultural products.”

Dr Altaf Ali Siyal, from Tando Jam, presented his paper on ‘Application of Filed and Satellite Data for Determining Soil, Water and Cropping.’ He said that the effluent of saline and polluted water of Right Bank Outfall Drain was not the only threat to the aquatic life of Manchar Lake, but also to the nearby fertile agriculture land, which is being irrigated from the lake water through Danstar Wah. Dr Noor Hussain Chandio, Department of Geography chairman at SALU, read out his paper on ‘Impact of Saline Water on Soil and Crops and its Causes: A Case Study of Kamber –Shahdadkot district.

He further said that salinity was a current and burning issue of Pakistan as well as of the developing countries. “District Kamber-Shahdadkot has been on the receiving end of natural calamities due to its geographical location; poorly planned development projects, and crumbling flood protection infrastructure. Dr Azra Talat Sayed’s topic of speech was ‘The Politics of Food and Agriculture in the Era of Globalization and Climate Change’.

She said the term globalization had been coined in the 1990s and was marked by implementation of a neoliberal framework with emphasis on policies of deregulations, privatisation and trade liberalization. Climate change also started making its impact felt from 1990s; not only in Pakistan but globally.

Naila Parveen Abbasi from Department of Geography SALU, spoke on ‘Assimilating Land Use: Assessment and Agriculture Model for Land Covers Change Analysis using Landslide Imageries of Uthal Baluchistan.

She said variations in agricultural land cover in every geographical area are observed continuously. Ishfaque Ahmed Kolachi, Waheed Ali Lashari, Quratulain Mari, Mairaj Ali Panhwar, Qurban Ali Shar, Bisma Samo, Amjad Ali Mailto and others also presented their research papers. A large number of teachers, scholars and students attended the sessions.