KARACHI - Badly planned governmental policies after independence and the currently poorly conducted military operation are responsible for the rise of militancy in the tribal belt which has resulted in loss of life and property and displacement of thousands of civilians. All these factors have contributed into alienation of the population of FATA and Tribal areas, said senior politician Barrister Fatehyab Ali Khan, President Pakistan Mazdoor Kissan Party, in an interview with The Nation. He said there were no two opinions what made conditions politically and military uncontrollable in FATA but the current volatile situation in the tribal areas of Pakistan was a direct spill over of the so-called war against terror waged in Afghanistan by Bush led US administration. After independence FATA and other tribal territories had remained trouble free and there was hardly any political problem that reached the national proportion. All problems were localised and were tribal or inter clan in which lives were lost but all these problems were solved and settled by the tribal jirga at local level. However, after Afghan Jihad of 1979 and subsequent 9/11 disaster in the USA has brought FATA into international focus a territory which is extremely poor , illiterate and has no permanent means of subsistence. Through centuries, the people of this area lived in their poverty and never looked out for any assistance financial and otherwise to solve their local problems until Afghan Jihad began and as a consequence Taliban came into power with the support of an Eastern neighbour which was seeking the strategic depth by extending its influence in Afghanistan, said Mr. Khan who is heading the Institute of International Affairs (PIIA), as its Chairman.  Non implementation on the bilateral Geneva agreement between the republic of Afghanistan and the Islamic republic of Pakistan in 1988 on the principles of mutual relations, in particular on non-interference and non-intervention, which the United States and the Soviet Union serving as guarantors. The prevailing mood of security in Federally Administrated Tribal Areas (FATA) is largely obtuse. The political follies of the past vis-_-vis to the tribal areas of Pakistan added fuel to in the present day imbroglio. The Pashtun-majority area with seven administrative units became the sanctuary of the local Taliban since mid-nineties when Taliban beheaded Najeebullah in UN sanctuary and more alarmingly after 9/11. The militant activities by these groups and subsequent approach of the Pakistan government to deal the situation through force added fuel to fury and has led to a spate of problems. Since 2004, the Musharraf government launched military operations in South and North Waziristan Agencies to curb cross-border militancy and to eliminate Taliban's safe haven in the tribal areas. The government's ambivalent approach and failure to take effective actions have further deteriorated the situation. These badly planned governmental policies after independence and present poorly conducted military operations are responsible for the rise of militancy in the tribal belt, where the loss of lives and property and displacement of thousands of civilians have alienated the population. The state's failure to extend its control over and provide good governance to its citizens in FATA is equally responsible for empowering the conservative radicals. Khan who has grip over the international affairs, while giving background of tribal areas, said prior to it, there has never been, since Pakistan's independence, any trouble, of a national proportion. The Federally Administered Tribal Areas (FATA) in Pakistan are areas outside the four provinces bordering Afghanistan, comprising a region of some 27,220 km (10,507 sq mi). The other area of Pakistan also outside the provinces is Pakistan Occupied Kashmir. Before analysing the political situation in the FATA, it is pertinent to examine few important factors related to the area. FAT A is bordered by: Afghanistan to-the west with the border marked by the Durand Line, the North-West Frontier Province and the Punjab to the east, and Balochistan to the south. The total population of the FATA was estimated in 2000 to be about 3,341,070 people, or roughly 2% of Pakistan's population. Only 3.1 % of the population resides in established townships.[2] It is the most rural administrative unit in Pakistan. The Tribal Areas comprise seven Agencies, namely Khyber, Kurram, Bajaur, Mohmand, Orakzai, North and South areas of Waziristan and six FRs (Frontier Regions) namely FR Peshawar, FR Kohat, FR Tank, FR Banuu, FR Lakki and FR Dera Ismail Khan. The main towns include Miranshah, Razmak, Bajaur, Darra Bazzar, Ghalanai as Head Quarters of