UNITED NATIONS - Pakistan has called for UN peacekeeping operations to demonstrate, apart from managing intra-State crises, their ability to address inter-state conflicts, which continue to endanger international peace and security. "The poor track record, including recent setbacks, in addressing these situations will have to be reversed in order to infuse confidence in the UN's ability to promote pacific settlement of international disputes," Pakistan's acting Ambassador Fakrukh Amil told the General Assembly's Special Political and Decolonisation Committee on Monday. "Much more needs to be done to fully operationalise a truly comprehensive approach, addressing in particular the root causes of conflicts and preventing relapse," he said in a debate on the whole question of peacekeeping operations in all their aspects. The delegate of Pakistan " whose deployments account for 12 per cent of all UN peacekeeping personnel in the field " stressed that it was the collective responsibility of Member States to ensure that the Organisation's peacekeeping operations could be mounted quickly and maintained effectively. Their political support and commitment would ensure the missions' success or failure, he said. At the same time, a lack of political will should not become an impediment in extending support where it was most needed, such as in Somalia. Ambassador Amil said that, as part of the effort to make UN peacekeeping more effective, capacity should be strengthened in the field and at Headquarters. While the major restructuring of the Departments of Peacekeeping Operations and Field Support had been a genuine part of the reform, it was now imperative to ensure that greater efficiency and effectiveness in implementing mission mandates resulted. He said peacekeeping, as one of the biggest enterprises of the UN, had brought solace and hope to people around the globe. Notable successes in recent years had raised expectations even as the challenges of deploying complex, multidimensional missions had evolved and increased. Respect for the basic tenets of peacekeeping was required, as any deviation from those principles could jeopardise future success, he said. Also to be avoided were efforts to confuse UN peacekeeping missions with those led by non-Organisation entities. Unity of command and control had to apply to all UN operations, including "new breeds" of missions. A real interface between the integrated missions and the Peace building Commission was needed to formulate exit strategies and lay the foundations for sustainable peace and development. Adequate resources were also essential to ensure safety and security of personnel, Amil added. He further stressed the need for genuine partnership between the Security Council, the Secretariat and the troop-contributing countries. That partnership should include sufficient representation in the Secretariat's administrative and operational structures. The potential of cooperation with regional and sub-regional organisations in peacekeeping operations within the framework of the Charter's Chapter VIII should be explored so the comparative advantages of those organisations were leveraged. Towards that goal, he said, Pakistan supported improvements in African peacekeeping capacity. Finally, the political support and commitment of Member States ensured the success or failure of peacekeeping operations. That support should be maximised where it existed. It should be kept in mind that controversial actions lost that support; however, lack of political will should not become an impediment in extending the Organisation's support where it was most needed. In the future, the Pakistan delegate said the focus of reform efforts should be on common issues that would make peacekeeping more effective. The Organisation owed that to the people it hoped to help, as well as to those in the field.