KARACHI - A draft to introduce legislation against the sufferings and dispossession of children has been sent to the parliamentary standing committee for review and approval before bringing it into the Assembly, TheNation learnt Wednesday. The draft was made by the National Commission for Children Welfare and Development (NCCWD) and the Ministry of Social Welfare. According to details, the authorities have made the draft for the deprived and street children in the wake of their commitment with the international community, but the bill ironically addresses only the issues of juvenile prisoners instead of providing all the children their fundamental rights. The sources told TheNation that a joint drafting committee of the NCCWD and the Ministry concerned only considered the issues of juvenile prisoners, while the deprived children, the homeless and street children have been ignored in the draft. The source also revealed that the civil society organisations would be issued licences to establish shelter homes and rehabilitation centres for the juveniles. But the representatives of the civil society have expressed their dissatisfaction over the said authorities and rejected the draft. President of Initiator Human Development Foundation (IHDF) Asif Rana Habib while talking to TheNation has strongly criticized the draft, saying that the draft is the initiatial bill to protect the juvenile prisons while there are nothing about the rights of the deprived children. He asked for a review of the draft and the legislation for the deprived and the homeless children as well. It is worth mentioning that the previous parliament initiated the legislation to form a draft for Children Protection Bill, but due to lack of interest, the matter remained unresolved and the process could not be moved further, but the present government has decided to take up the matter and assured the United Nation (UN) to introduce the bill. Earlier, while taking part in the meeting of United Nations Commission for the Rights of the Children held on 28 September, the Pakistans Committee on the Rights of the Child had presented the report in which they reviewed the combined third and fourth periodic report of Pakistan on how the country is implementing the provisions of the Convention on the Rights of the Child. Imtiaz Kazi, Secretary of the Ministry of Social Welfare and Special Education of Pakistan, while presenting Pakistans reports said that since its last report Pakistan had crossed a number of milestones to bring its laws and policies in conformity with the Convention. The committee observed that the situation of girl children was an area of particular concern highlighted by a number of experts, who noted that under-two mortality was much higher for girls than for boys; that immunization rates for girls were lower; and that there were lower enrolments rates for girls. Other issues of concern related to the girl child were early marriages, trafficking in children for purposes of sexual exploitation and honour killings. Gender disparities are being narrowed through mixed primary schools and compensatory programmes, focusing on missing facilities in girls schools and the appointment of female teachers. Since 2000 over 750,000 teachers have been trained and many re-trained. Almost 20,000 teachers have been trained alone in the earthquake areas in disaster management, psychosocial support, child-based creative approaches, and subject-based training. Among other protection laws of relevance were the Criminal Law Amendment Act, 2004, which criminalized offences committed in the name or on the pretext of honour and the Domestic Violence against Women and Children (Prevention and Protection) Bill, 2009. He further highlighted that Pakistan was also implementing the National Policy and Plan of Action to Combat Child Labour since 2000, which aimed at progressive elimination of child labour, the immediate withdrawal of children from the worst forms of child labour; preventing entry of under-age children into the labour market through globalization of primary education and family empowerment; and rehabilitation of working children through non-formal education, pre-vocational training and skills development. In addition, the Government had recently approved an insurance scheme providing coverage to children with multiple disabilities or who were severely disabled. Under that scheme, the Government would pay a premium for such children who, after a few years, would receive a reasonable monthly stipend for their basic needs including hiring an attendant. Of Pakistans roughly 70 million children, only 2,000 were in the juvenile justice system, which was a low percentage, while it is being ensured that all judicial officers and all judges and law enforcement personnel received training in childrens rights. Clarifying the funding for madrassahs, the delegation said they were mainly community financed. The Government was providing some funding to allow for the introduction of the six new required subjects, to provide for teachers, textbooks, computers and other equipment, including recreational equipment. One of the major facts of life for children in Pakistan was the armed conflict that was ongoing today. Children were recruited by armed groups and they were affected by the threat of armed violence. They had to flee, and many lived in camps or environments other than those which they were used to. The Committees wish was for peace for the children of Pakistan and everyone living there.