“Fear is, I believe, a most effective tool in destroying the

soul of an individual - and the soul of a people”.

–Eygptian President Anwar Sadat (1979)

The picture shows the assassination of the Third Egyptian President, Anwar Sadat on 6 October 1981. Sadat was a key member of the ‘Free Officers’ group, an association of military figures, who overthrew King Farouk in the Egyptian Revolution of 1952. He was assassinated during a military parade, surrounded by spectators and amid a vast contingent of armed forces. Radical Islamic officers, who were part of the parade opened fire on the pedestal, where the unsuspecting Anwar Sadat stood saluting them. It was quite a symbolic message – which triggered a small scale rebellion – delivered my Islamic groups the military regime had been suppressing. One of the injured was Hosni Mubarak, the Vice President, who went on to take the top seat.

In 2011 Hosni Mubarak faced a revolution much more populous than the one that the assassination of Anwar Sadat created. In the face of pressure he was forced to resign, and the resulting election bought in power the Muslim Brotherhood – the ideological successors of the original Egyptian Islamic groups. A year leader it was ousted by the army amid mass protests, and now the military is back in power while the Muslim brotherhood is persecuted- a full circle.