DAVOS (Agencies) - President Barack Obama should deepen US engagement in Afghanistan but show more restraint in Pakistan, ministers said Thursday as the volatile region took centre stage in Davos. Prime Minister Yousuf Raza Gilani told delegates that US drone attacks on Pakistani territory were "counterproductive" and called for a new approach by Obama's administration. Afghan Defence Minister Mohammad Rahim Wardak said he welcomed the prospect of increased numbers of US troops in his country but pleaded for the larger military presence to be accompanied by more development aid. All participants in the discussion, including French Foreign Minister Bernard Kouchner and Turkish Foreign Minister Ali Babacan, underlined that military efforts alone could not succeed. "I don't think military action is the only solution to the problems," said Gilani, who called for development and dialogue to be part of a three-pronged approach to tackling Islamic militants. He heavily criticised attacks on Pakistan's restive western regions by US drones, which he said undermined the government's strategy of engaging tribes and separating them from militants. "When there is a drone attack that unites them again, the tribes and the militants," Gilani said. Obama pledged during his election campaign to continue drone attacks in Pakistan if there was evidence militants could be killed, even without approval from the Pakistani government. Afghanistan, whose fundamentalist Taliban regime was ousted by US-led forces in 2001, and Pakistan, which has nuclear weapons, have emerged as the key areas in the fight against radical militancy. Gilani welcomed the appointment by Obama of US ambassador Richard Holbrooke as special envoy to Afghanistan and Pakistan and suggested that he could also help with strained India-Pakistan relations. Turkey's Babacan, whose country has helped mediate in the region, also criticised "third-party military operations" such as drone attacks. "When they are done without coordinating with governments it just helps terrorists and doesn't serve any good purpose." Two missile strikes in South and North Waziristan, near the Afghanistan border, last Friday were the first such attacks since US President Barack Obama took office last week. Pakistani security officials said at least 21 people were killed. Back on Afghanistan, for which the Obama administration has promised a new strategy, Wardak welcomed proposals to send more US troops in addition to the 36,000 already stationed there. "There is a gap that has to be breached (until Afghan troops can take over security) and there will be a requirement of international forces," the Afghan defence minister said. Obama is weighing up the risk of a rapid drawdown in forces in Iraq to deploy up to 30,000 more US troops in Afghanistan, which would nearly double the US military presence there. US Defence Secretary Robert Gates said this week that America's primary goal should be "to prevent Afghanistan from being used as a base for terrorists and extremists to attack the United States and our allies." Some saw this as a significant narrowing of US ambitions. Kouchner, who ruled out sending more French troops, said forces were needed to guarantee security to enable Afghanistan to develop its economy. "There's no unique military solution in Afghanistan, but there is certainly a way to give some confidence to the people and this is the key," he said. Wardak stressed the importance of improving the quality of life of citizens and assailed non-government organisations (NGOs) that have been funded to help with reconstruction and development after the ousting of the Taliban. "Out of total aid of some 30 billion dollars, only a small portion of this aid has been given to the Afghan government. It has all been used by NGOs and donor communities," he said. "Something like a classroom, if we built it, it will cost 10,000 dollars. If it's built by the international community it will cost 30,000." Wardak said anywhere between 15 and 30 percent of the aid money pouring into Afghanistan is wasted on overheads and contracting and sub-contracting out the work to others. He admitted government corruption also remained a problem. "Nobody can deny that there is corruption," he said. Prime Minister Gilani strongly rejected the impression that Pakistan was a failed state and said the country's all vital institutions were functioning properly. He termed it "unfair" on part of the international community to view Pakistan of being a failed state and said country's Constitution, parliament, judiciary and free media were indicators of the fact. The Prime Minister called upon the world leaders to concentrate on making Pakistan a stable and strong country owing to its contribution played in the war against terrorism and extremism. He said though Pakistan was facing enormous challenges currently, however the democratic government was striving to resolve them amicably. Gilani said his country was facing problems in NWFP and Balochistan with some trouble spots. He said in the two provinces the coalition party of ANP and the PPP in Balochistan were trying to improve the security situation and taking political measures to counter the extremists. He said he believed that his policy of three "Ds" - Dialogue, Development and Deterrence - would go a long way in resolving the security issues. Gilani said he wants to hold political dialogue with those non-militants who have denounced militancy and if they lay down their arms and surrender. He pointed that terrorism could only be fought by addressing the root causes of poverty, illiteracy, non-development, adding that he also discussed the matter with US Vice President Joe Biden and urged him to expedite the Biden-Lugar bill so that Pakistan gets necessary development funds. He hoped with Reconstruction Opportunity Zones things would improve in the areas and bring people away from militancy. The PM mentioned deterrence as the third option and said the government will act whenever its writ is challenged. However he said military was not a solution. "We have to win their hearts and minds," the Prime Minister said, adding, "force has to be used as a last resort." Gilani said Pakistan has now excellent relations with Afghanistan and mentioned the tripartite summit and the jirga of their tribal elders. He said the two countries have developed broader understanding and the ties have improved since the new democratic government came into power in the country. He said a stable Afghanistan was in the interest of not only Pakistan, but also the world. Gilani said there was a need to have a new strategy in the war against terror and pointed that it was with this belief that the people in Pakistan and those in the United States voted for a change. Meanwhile, Gilani rejected the presence of Al-Qaeda in Pakistan and said the country's most of tribal areas had been cleared from the captivity of terrorists. "We are genuinely attacking the targets and the most areas have already been cleared of the terrorists," the Prime Minister said in a meeting with the representatives of world's leading media organisations, held here on the sidelines of the World Economic Forum. Prime Minister Gilani said Pakistan was making serious efforts to ensure peace in the region, adding the world should strengthen Pakistan's law enforcement capacity to enable it better fight the war against terrorism. He said despite the challenges of terrorism, the government was pursuing the policy of dialogue, development and deterrence in tribal areas. The Prime Minister said there was no Al Qaida people present in Pakistan currently, and mentioned that Pakistan paid a great price in the war against terrorism in the shape of more casualties than of the NATO forces. On a question about a predator attack since President Obama was in office, the Prime Minister said that there was no agreement between the US and Government of Pakistan to carry out such attacks. He termed the drone attacks as counter-productive which created sympathies for the militants. The Prime Minister said the government had full backing of the nation on its strategy to counter terrorism, and mentioned the successful military actions taken with the support of local indigenous lashkars. To a question, the Prime Minister dispelled the impression that there was a gulf between the civilian government and the army. He said instead the government, army and intelligence agencies were enjoying complete cohesion, adding that Inter Services Intelligence (ISI) was completely running under the Prime Minister. On Mumbai incident, the Prime Minister said Pakistan strongly condemned the terror attacks and wanted to improve relations with India. He mentioned his good personal relations with Indian Prime Minister Manmohan Singh and said the two governments had taken a lot of confidence building measures in this regard. About the prospects of resumption of confidence building measures between the two countries, Gilani said it would take some time. On Hallbrook's appointment as US special envoy to the region, he said the step had already been welcomed by the Pakistan government, and hoped that the policies of new US administration would bring a real and positive change. On Pakistan and India's efforts to resolve the Kashmir dispute, Gilani said Pakistan government had conveyed to India that it was serious in resolving all the issues including the Kashmir dispute. He said such efforts would be more constructive for the people of the two countries if the core issues were resolved between Pakistan and India. On a question about a few cases of burial of alive women in Pakistan, the Prime Minister said the PPP government strongly condemned such incidents and had great respect for all women, as its leader was also a respectable lady. Meanwhile, Prime Minister Syed Yousuf Raza Gilani Thursday met his Russian counterpart Vladimir Putin and discussed Pak-Russia bilateral relations. The meeting here on the sidelines of the World Economic Forum focused on further strengthening the bilateral relations. PM Gilani was apprised by Prime Minister Putin about the role played by his government in defusing the tension between Pakistan and India in the wake of Mumbai attacks. The Prime Minister appreciated the role played by Russia and informed him that Pakistan had extended its cooperation to India in investigation and would share the results with it. The two leaders also agreed to further expand the Pak-Russia strategic dialogue besides enhancing cooperation in areas of defence and economy.