The arrest of war crimes and genocide offender Radovan Karadzic from Serbia indicates that those who commit crimes against humanity can escape but they cannot hide forever. His former ally, Slobodan Milosevic, died in detention at The Hague-based tribunal in 2006. Serbia will now face increased pressure to capture his fugitive wartime military chief Ratko Mladic, also wanted for genocide. Karadzic, 63, had gone into hiding the year after he was indicted by the International Criminal Tribunal for the former Yugoslavia (ICTY) in 1995 together with Mladic, 65. Both face charges of genocide, complicity in genocide, extermination, murder, wilful killing, persecutions, deportation and inhumane acts against Muslims, Croats and other non-Serb civilians during Bosnia's 1992-1995 war. Serbian police has launched an investigation into the network of supporters who helped Karadzic to remain at large for so long, thanks to his new identity as a long-haired guru healer to avoid being caught during more than a decade on the run. That came after it emerged that Karadzic assumed the identity of Dragan Dabic, a soldier who was shot dead by a sniper in 1993 during the 43-month siege of Sarajevo. In addition to the 1995 Srebrenica massacre of some 8,000 Muslim men and boys, Karadzic and Mladic are jointly accused of orchestrating the siege of the Bosnian capital, which claimed more than 10,000 lives. Ethnic cleansing of Muslims is being conducted by Israelis in Palestine, while the Muslims of Kashmir have been facing extermination at the hands of Indian security agencies since 1989. A recent discovery of mass graves in the Indian-held Kashmir Valley sheds more light on the gruesome murder of innocent Kahsmiris by the forces of evil and the equally grisly act of hiding them as being terrorists from across the divide. Dr Angana Chatterji, associate professor of Social and Cultural Anthropology at the California Institute of Integral Studies and co-convenor of the International People's Tribunal in Kashmir, in her Op-Ed titled Disquiet Ghosts: Mass graves in Indian Kashmir carried by Etala'at, Daily Newspaper, Srinagar, on July 9, 2008, unveils the ghastly act. She describes that during her visit to the Valley, she discovered over 940 graves in a segment of Baramulla district alone, 235 graves in Chehal, Bimyar village, Uri, 85-100 graves in Trehgam village Kupwara, 258 graves in Regipora. She reveals that wherever she went, she found graves amidst dirt, rubble and thick grass. They bear witness to the cold-blooded massacre and rein of terror unleashed by Indian military and paramilitary forces, masked from the world. The unknown and unmarked mass graves were placed next to homes, fields, schools, an army practice range; some containing more than one cadaver. Locals bore witness that the bodies of the occupants of the anonymous graves were dragged through the night, some tortured, burnt, desecrated. Exhumation and identification have not occurred in most cases. When undertaken, in sizeable instances, records prove the dead to be local people, ordinary citizens, killed in fake encounters. On July 17, 2008, EU's subcommittee on Human Rights in the European parliament passed a resolution condemning the discovery of mass graves. The resolution urges India to ratify and implement the UN Convention for the Protection of All Persons from Enforced Disappearance without reservations, and to grant access to Jammu and Kashmir for the UN Special Rapporteurs under the terms of reference of the UN Special Procedure. The two main guest speakers at the hearing were Dr Angana Chatterji, and Marjan Lucas, from IKV PaxChristi, which claims to be the largest peace movement in the Netherlands. Another member of the Tribunal, Parvez Imroz, spoke via a video-link from Kashmir. Dr Chatterji highlighted her findings with video reports of the dreadful deeds. She alleged that she was followed and harassed by Indian security and intelligence personnel during her visit to Kashmir in June and that her 68-year-old-mother, who lives in Kolkata, is also being harassed. She also received over 300 hate emails from Hindu nationalists. Unlawful killings, enforced disappearances and torture are violations of both international human rights law and international humanitarian law, set out in treaties to which India is a state party. They also constitute international crimes. Amnesty International has called on the Indian government to unequivocally condemn enforced disappearances in Jammu and Kashmir and ensure that prompt, thorough, independent and impartial investigations into all sites of mass graves in the region are immediately carried out by forensic experts in line with the relevant UN Model Protocol. So much for Indian claims of secularism The writer is a political and defence analyst