Wars are hardly the remedies...The deliverance of justice and dignity to the people is the anti-dote to terrorism - religious or otherwise. It is indeed a miracle of the 21st century that a very formidable Islamic Resistance Force through a 'divine will' has emerged to defeat the two formidable superpowers. Not only did USA encounter defeat in Iraq, Israel in Lebanon, but the combined forces of NATO and USA in the case of war ravaged people of Afghanistan. Their resistance is a function of their rough and tough dispositions and a determined propensity not to reconcile to foreign forces on their land. Being defeated, USA and its allies started demonising them as 'terrorists'. It is a very simplistic world, in which the western powerful media 'constructs' reality, the way it likes. Freedom fighters are 'terrorists', but 'state terrorism' is a legitimate war on terrorism. Propaganda is a weapon, which makes people so gullible to accept reality, what the media saturates the minds with distortions of one sort or another. The 'reality' gets submerged deeper into the debris and irreality masquerades as a 'reality'. The terrorism expert Jessica Stern, in her book Error in the Name of God, why religious Militants kill: "To begin with it is only Islamist terrorists today that are causing major threats to international security," she said, "but I wanted to include the other religions traditions, because at different points in history, every religion has produced significant armies of religious killers." Another very significant point she makes is the theme of humiliation and marginalisation. "I think that," she says, "that a very important factor, the feeling of humiliation which a [terrorist] leader can strengthen in some cases, can help to construct, the desire of the follower for a new identity with greater dignity, more honour and the way a leader can persuade the follower that the way to achieve that now dignified, honourable identity is through violence." The humiliation among Palestinians is responsible for young ones in their teens, who are willing to become suicide bombers. The Harvard University lecturer Jessica also contends: "I think, the administration did not take on board the notion that the image of Baghdad occupied by US troops and tanks was so deeply humiliating and could be used as a rallying cry for extremists, not just in Iraq but all around the world and recruitment is up as a result." Will Durant in his classic Story of Civilisation (part IV, Age of Faith, p 232) praises the beauty of Baghdad in the 11th century: "Every where the traveller could see shining domes and sparkling minarates, colleges and libraries, palaces and gardens, hospitals and baths. The poet Anwari wrote a poem Blessed be Baghdad. "Blessed the site of Baghdad, Seat of learning of art; None can point in the world to a city her equal; Her suburbs vie in the beauty with the blue vault of the sky; Her climate rivals the life-giving breezes of heaven; Her stones in their brightness rival diamonds and rubies; The bank of the Tigris with there lovely damsels surpass kullakh; The gardens filled with lovely nymphs equal Kashmir; And thousands of gondolas on the water; Dance and sparkle like sunbeams in the air." Baghdad thus symbolised the glorious Islamic civilisation when Europe was still in the Dark Ages. To ruin that great heritage of Islamic civilisation was a great act of tyranny on the part of USA which Muslim 'ego' can hardly forgive. If we dispassionately analyse the humiliation and slaughter of helpless Muslims in Palestine, it has given rise to the proliferation of Al-Qaeda. The Taliban are the ones who have a total antipathy towards being occupied by foreign invaders. The massive state killing of the Kashmiri Muslims by over half a million Indian soldiers is unendurable to brothers-in-faith and many militant organisations came to operate under different names, Lashkar-i-Taiba or whatever name, they are essentially striving to protect them from barbarous killings, rape and plunder. When the British had launched a massive military operation in Kenya, to deny them their freedom - a mau-mau organisation had come into being to kill as many Britishers as they could. I have read somewhere that the grandfather of Obama, a Kenyan national, was also a victim of British violence in the prison. Guatanamo Bay and Abu Gharib are the repeat of the same colonial mindset. The wars are hardly the remedies. The deliverance of justice and dignity to the people is the anti-dote to terrorism - religious or otherwise. The global military expenditure, during 2008 is estimated to be around $1.464 billion - an increase of 45 percent since 1999. The senseless wars of Iraq and Afghanistan have consumed the major share with the result that US economy is in shambles and also the countries linked to the so-called 'free market', are the worst affected ones. That American empire is bankrupt, is the theme of the article by Chris Hedges (reproduced in The Nation, June 17, 2009). He writes quite painfully: "This week marks the end of the dollars reign as the world's reserve currency. It marks the start of a terrible period of economic and political decline in the United States. And it signals the last gasp of the American imperium. That's over. It is not coming back." And federal budget deficit which has swollen to over 2 trillion, must have given Obama sleepless nights. There are however nations showing economic resilience - Brazil, Russia, India, China under the acronym BRIC, who are deliberating to replace dollar with some other global currency and are also striving for multipolar world order based on the rule of the international law, equality, national respect, cooperation and coordinated action of all states. China has been steering this notion since the end of Cold War, as the vital imperative for global peace. It has emerged as a great economic power, and has quite dextrously resolved its strategic interests of ensuring energy security without confrontation and firing any bullet. Obama is being perceived as a 'new wine in the old bottle'. The bottle appears to be the same which Bush gave him as a parting gift. His rhetoric is for peace, but is reluctant to withdraw forces from Afghanistan and maintain some hold over Iraq. Leasing the Afghan war to Pakistan will not help remedy the situation. He must talk to the real leader of the Taliban - Mullah Omar and work out a dignified exit. Similarly pressure must be built on Israel to give back the stolen West Bank lands, dismantle the wall, accept the right to return and release 1.5 million Palestinians from the Gaza Ghetto." He has to honour his commitment for two-state solution for Palestine. The greatest flaw of 'secularism' is that it promotes a vicious idea that 'morality' is like a fly in the [geopolitical] ointment. Hennery Kissinger was once asked that his 'realpolitik' was essentially amoral and not concerned with moral values. He replied that it was not quite true, as 'morality' was only in the 'outer spheres' of decision making. Truthfully speaking it was not even there. George Kennan, the great Strategic Guru of the Republican Party, and the proponent of the 'concept of containment' had said: "We have about 50 percent of the world's wealth, but only 6.3 percent of its population....In this situation, we cannot fail to be the object of envy and resentment. Our real task in the coming period is to revise a pattern of relationships which will permit us to maintain this position of disparity without positive detriment to our national security. To do so we will have to dispense with all sentimentality and day-dreaming; and our attention will have to be concentrated everywhere on our immediate national objectives.....We should cease to talk about vague and...unreal objectives such as human rights, the raising of living standards, and democratisation. The day is not far off when we will have to deal in straight power concepts. The less we are then hampered by idealistic slogans, the better." Bush fully adhered to this view. Will Obama transcend this pathological global vision? After the collapse of the Soviet Union, Mossadeq Ahmed in his book, Behind the War on Terror, says: "US plans and strategies for the expansion and consolidation of the American empire required a new threat, and a new pretext, to provide humanitarian legitimacy to those plans and strategies. Successive US administrations thus began working incessantly on new threats and pretexts with which to replace the dead threat of Communism. Several spectres of doom came to the fore: rogue states, weapons of mass destruction and, most dangerous of all Islamic terror" (p 11). The 9/11 tragedy of three thousand people, according to Craig Roberts: "These deaths are mere drop in the buckets of blood that America's invasions have brought to the Muslim World." Obama cannot hide it under the plethora of soothing words. The writer is secretary general FRIENDS E-mail: friendsfoundation@live.co.uk