LAHORE - A survey carried out by research center of the King Edward Medical University (KEMU) has revealed that around 7 per cent female medical students of KEMU are smokers while 37 per cent male medical students use tobacco. In another survey complied by the same department to assess smoking status of the relatives of the patients admitted to the Mayo Hospital Lahore, has revealed alarming increase in the numbers of smokers that was reported 74 per cent out of total 249. A group of medical students of King Edward Medical University lead by Dr Hassan Aziz under the supervision of chief of surgery and senior cancer surgeon at Mayo Hospital Lahore, Dr Muhammad Arshad Cheema conducted these surveys on the eve of 'No Smoking Day' that is going to be observed on Saturday (tomorrow). The group members were Muhammad Umer Butt, Amir Nawaz, Zubair Ashraf, Syed Turab Raza, Khurram Sher, Mina Mariam, Turab Raza, Ahsan Fahad, Afaq Yousaf, Aisha Saqib and Mazhar Meo. The results were composed and analysed by Dr Naeem Majeed and Dr Sohaib. Data from a recent survey of 966 individuals, conducted by the KEMU surgery department of showed that 57 per cent of males and 11 per cent of females in this institute smoke or use tobacco. Of the 156 doctors surveyed, 28 per cent were smokers, whereas 37 per cent of 503 male medical students were using tobacco and 7 per cent female medical students were smokers. A total of 249 individuals (relatives of the admitted patients) were incorporated in the study including 210 males and 39 females while out of these total numbers 74 per cent were turned out to be smokers. Proformae were submitted to the patients' relatives. The method of selection was convenient sampling. The statistics collected in this regard was analysed under the supervision of Dr. Arshad Cheema and other senior doctors. According to the contents of the Survey report, smoking is more common in the males (84 per cent) than in females 24 per cent. Most of the people smoke to relieve anxiety associated with day-to-day life. The main initiating factor turned out to be peer pressure which was 79 per cent. Out of the total smokers, 62 per cent have attempted quitting at least once but majority of them failed because they were addicted to it (26 per cent). Smokers believe ban on smoking at public places (29 per cent) and on sale to under 18 (27 per cent) can help their cause. Mayo Hospital is a 2,400-bed hospital. According to a recent survey, 60 per cent of the admitted patients are smokers while study shows that 75 per cent are waiting their way onto these beds hence increasing the expenses in health sector. Instead of spending on cure, why not prevent? All the doctors at KEMU strongly believe that smoking can be prevented and prevention is better than cure. The details of the research will be presented on 31st of May at the KEMU Auditorium, in accordance with the No Tobacco Day.