Prof. Dr. Ahmad Saeed Bhatti, Prof. Dr. Shahid Mahboob Rana and Shamim Saeed The US President, Barack Obama, on assumption of office on Jan 26, 2009, spoke on global warming and climate change, and signed a memorandum to stress strict limitations for emission of greenhouse gases. And on the 40th anniversary of Earth Day 2010, he urged the new generation to carry on the Earth Summit agenda by planting trees in the communities. In South America, in the late 1800s, the emperor of Brazil established Tijuca forest at Rio de Janeiro (the venue of Earth Summit 1992) and set a unique example of the emperors pursuit of reforestation and love for nature. The emperor ordered some more than 100,000 trees to be planted to replace coffee plantations for the city park. Puerto Rico, another South American country provides yet another example of the kings interest in forests and the good use of degraded lands. The forests cover in the country grew from 9% in 1900 to about 35% in the 80s- a success story that could well be emulated by countries like Pakistan with more than 60% of its land degraded and facing currently the worst havoc of torrential rains that warrants reforestation to avert floods and soil erosion. In 1957, Chinas initiative to build the Great Green Wall of China a shelter belt of trees to protect Beijing against sand storms from Gobi desert, bode also well for biodiversity and the Ozonosphere. Plants, trees and greenery have been an integral part of American life. On a complaint by an elevator operator of the White House that the park nearest to his house was too far for his family to visit, the then first lady of America, Pat Nixon initiated a programme called Parks to the people for all towns and cities in the US in the 60s, while in 1970 President Nixon proclaimed the last Friday of April every year as the National Arbor Day a day to plant trees in the country. And later, through an executive order, Nixon established the US Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) that demonstrated Presidents explicit concern for environment. At the Earth Summit in Rio, Brazil, in June 1992, President George Bush endorsed the idea of establishing a National Centre of Biodiversity at Smithsonian Institute in US to take into account the widespread information on biodiversity and to lead in understanding and communication of biodiversity information. The idea lay in cold storage till Bill Clinton assumed presidency and worked it through. In contrast, by burning oil wells in the Gulf War in Iraq in 2002, President Bush, a self designated Environmental President contributed to air pollution to the extent that a massive flora and fauna was destroyed in the region and elsewhere. In addition, the smoke and dust that traveled as far as the mountains of Himalayas darkened its cliffs with black snow that mourns the death of the silver white look that these cliffs once wore. Although the earth summit agenda was non binding, the former continues to focus attention on global environmental issues and has paved way to future agreements. The former US President Bill Clinton and Vice President Al Gore (author of the Nobel Prize winning documentary on environment titled An inconvenient truth) are known for green initiatives. According to a gallop held recently in the US about 80%, Americans call themselves environmentalists. National parks in the country serve to mitigate deforestation and a model for the maintenance of biodiversity to ensure sustainable development. In the Indo-Pakistan subcontinent, the rule of the Moghul emperors could aptly be termed, in its own right, a green chapter in the history of environment. The famous Shalimar Gardens at Lahore, the Taj Mahal at Agra, India, and many others in the region bear witness to the aesthetics of the Muslim emperors for nature. During a visit to the Nuclear Institute for Agriculture and Biology, Faisalabad, in March, 2000 (where the first author was director ), Nobel Laureate Professor Norman Borlaug remembered the late President Ayub Khan of Pakistan for his contribution to afforestation and helping in coining the term Green revolution. Ayub Khan is known for rehabilitation of forests through aerial seeding of forest lands in the country. Presently, the government has assured the international community of covering six to seven percent of its forest land by plantations by 2015. Forest cover in a small country in the region e.g. Bhutan, for instance, is over 60% of the total geographical area of the country. The enormity of beneficiaries from forests and parks could be judged from the services in terms of preservation of watershed and prevention of floods, perils of drought downstream and modulation of climate. How-ever, population growth, pollution and climate change, all on the rise are likely to combine to decrease the world water supplies in coming years, says the World Water Development Report 2008. The immense devastation wrought by the current floods in the country is a case study of the backdrop of the heaviest felling of trees over the years and unhindered flow of floodwaters. While the shortage of fresh water in the country underscores the necessity of reforestation, among other measures such as agroforestry, zero tillage etc., and small dams, the wide spread alluvial deposits on the soil surface and leaching of salts from the barren lands, point to a much greater necessity of plantations. Be it a CCC American prototype or a GCUF one- student one- tree approach, it could be a step in right direction now, should all planners, policy makers, legislators, environmentalists, engineers, administrators etc., involved with rehabilitation and resource renewability in the country took cognizance of it. Professors at the Government College University (GCUF), and the Government College for Women, Madina Town, Faisa-labad.