KARACHI - In view of the changing climate patterns, the Sindh Irrigation Department has suggested to the provincial and federal governments to arrange substantial funds, foreign aid/loans to accommodate and implement more and more projects of water conservation by constructing dams in arid zones (in the country). The Irrigation Department has come up with a plan, calling on the provincial and central governments to construct more small dams in Sindh and other provinces to avoid water shortage and to cope with floods, droughts. According to the plan, a copy of which is also available with The Nation, a major policy is required to be prepared at the federal and provincial levels in consultation with all the stakeholders to deal with the climate change that might trigger global food crisis.The department suggests that there is need for introducing of low water consumption agricultural practices in the country. In this regard, it adds, the Agriculture Department may be consulted to arrange special type of seeds and undertake awareness programmes for all the stakeholders.It says the Federal Agriculture Department using innovative irrigation practices to bring down water consumption may aware farmers about proper land utilisation practices, such as furrow irrigation, trickle drip and sprinkling.The provincial department points out that during monsoon season in particular and Rabi season in general, water that was not used by farmers went into the drains and hence got wasted; there must be a regulation for penalising a party at fault. For proper water management and saving irrigation water, the department calls for formulation of a national policy for introducing such type of projects by the provinces in their respective provinces that could help save water through lining on earthen channels and saline zone areas. Low monsoon rainfall and heavy floods as experienced by Pakistan indicates that the world is heading towards another global food crisis. “If we recall 2007-08 crisis that sparked food riots in more than 30 developing countries, the expected shortages may surpass that level,” the department notes, adding that to save Pakistan from the adverse impact of global food crisis, “we need to develop appropriate contingency plans and to see how best we can deal with minimum impacts of drought on Pakistan and particularly on poor people”. The Irrigation Department report notes that there is no doubt that due to global warning and changing phenomenon of weather the world is passing through metaphysical changes in the climate pattern, thereby the countries throughout the world are facing untimely rains/floods, which will untimely affect agro-economy and may result in global food crisis.A considerable increase in frequency and intensity of extreme weather events coupled with erratic monsoon rains has been causing frequent and intense floods and droughts in the Pakistan.The increased intrusion of saline water in the Indus delta is adversely affecting coastal agriculture, mangroves and breeding grounds of fish, threatening coastal areas due to projected sea level rise and increased cyclonic activity due to higher sea surface temperatures, increased stress between upper riparian and lower riparian regions on sharing the water resources and increased health risks are the Pakistan’s vulnerability areas to climate change threats.The main objectives of Pakistan’s climate change policy includes – to pursue sustained economic growth by appropriately addressing the challenges of climate change, to integrate climate change policy with other interrelated national policies.