ISLAMABAD (APP) - Chief Justice of Pakistan Iftikhar Muhammad Chaudhry has said that weaker segments of society require protection with care; therefore, there is an urgent need to ensure implementation of various laws by the respective agencies. He expressed these views at a certificate-awarding ceremony held at the Federal Judicial Academy in collaboration with the British High Commission and SACH, an Islamabad-based NGO. The chief justice said the family and child issues were lying at the core of the social problems of any society and there was no dearth of legal instruments, both international as well as national, to deal with them. He said international parental child abduction was a human rights issue, needing a serious attention. Regarding the welfare of children, he said in all the cases concerning a child, the best interest was a prime consideration. A child has a right to maintain personal relations and direct contacts with both parents, even if they reside in different states. A child must have the opportunity to learn and respect the culture and traditions of both parents, he maintained. Lamenting on the growing trend of family break ups, Justice Iftikhar opined that the issue had become a common phenomenon in the present day society. Family rifts take extreme forms where matrimonial relations have international dimensions. In cases of divorce between the couples belonging to different States, the ultimate sufferers are the children, he added. Speaking about the scope and importance of Pakistani laws in this context, he said, The constitution provides safeguards for women and children. He also cited relevant Articles of the Constitution including 25, 35 and 37. Referring to concept of marriage in Islam and the philosophy behind it, he said the central idea in the Muslim family laws was the concept of marriage, which meant a contract between man and woman for the purposes of legalising procreation and the promotion of love and affection between the contracting parties. In Islam, the marriage is a civil contract, terminable at any time at the will of one or the other party. When it becomes impossible to lead a life of harmony and peace according to the law, the marriage may be broken through divorce. He, however, said, according to a tradition of the Holy Prophet (Peace Be Upon Him), divorce was permissible, but was not an abominable act and the Muslims were expected to refrain from it as far as possible. The chief justice said there was a plethora of legislation dealing with the family and child (youth) issues in the country, including the Dissolution of Muslim Marriages Act 1939, the Muslim Family Laws Ordinance 1961, the Guardians and Wards Act 1890, the West Pakistan Family Courts Act 1964, the Child Marriage Restraint Act 1929, the Majority Act 1875, the Conciliation Courts Ordinance 1961, the Christian Marriage Act 1872 and others. He also recounted relations between the Pakistani and British judicial system and suggested that judges from both countries should meet at least every two years, to discuss the working / implementation of the protocol. Speaking on the occasion, Rt Lord Justice Mathew expressed his utmost gratitude for Chief Justice Iftikhar Muhammad Chaudhry, Justice Tassaduq Hussain Jillani and DG Federal Judicial Academy Pervaiz Ali Chawala for arranging an extraordinary workshop. Chief Justice Federal Shariat Court Justice Agha Rafique Ahmed Khan, Justice Mian Shakirullah Jan, Justice Khalil-ur-Rehman Ramday, Registrar Supreme Court Dr Faqir Hussain and other members of legal and judicial fraternity participated in the ceremony.