India has nurtured its ambitions of becoming a regional power and to assert its dominance it has continued interfering in internal affairs of regional countries. Such arbitrary interference combined with its boundary disputes has failed India to play its role in promotion of regional peace and prosperity. In today's world, no country with sane leadership will like to have turbulent relationship with its neighbouring countries but India's unrealistic foreign policy goals have raised serious concerns regarding its intentions. The undeniable reality is that India's neighbours have been reluctant to concede to it the status of a regional hegemon. The growing India-Afghanistan nexus in post 9/11 scenario has serious geo-strategic implications for the region in general and Pakistan in particular. In the wake of independence in 1947, the problematic nature of Pakistan's relationship with Afghanistan helped development of closer Indo-Afghan ties under the governments of Zahir Shah and Sardar Daud. The successive Afghan governments enjoyed the support of Delhi until the Taliban rose to power. India was also among the countries that recognized Tarakki government in Afghanistan in 1978 without any demur. India did never recognize Taliban government and its consulates in Jalalabad and Kandhar were closed down. In this way the relations between two countries came under strain. During this period India continued supporting the anti-Taliban resistance, the northern Alliance, comprised mostly of Tajiks and non-Pashtun groups. It was with the overthrow of Taliban regime that India started its efforts to establish a sphere-of-influence in Pakistan's backyard and exploit its stronghold in Afghan administration to assist subversive elements in Pakistan aimed at destabilizing the state. Moreover Afghanistan provides a land route for transmission of oil and gas pipelines from Central Asia to India. The Central Asian Republics also provide market to Indian goods by using Afghanistan as a gateway. India has also established its military base in Tajikistan to bolster its designs of encirclement of Pakistan. In pursuit of aforementioned security and political interests, India attended Bonn conference and participated in rehabilitation of post-9/11 war-ravaged Afghanistan by providing assistance in diverse economic, political and social fields. Recently India has pledged about $1.2 billion in aid and has become the fifth largest donor to Afghanistan. In return Kabul has given New Delhi an unprecedented diplomatic presence in Afghanistan with an embassy in Kabul and consulates in Mazar-e-Sharif, Jalalabad, Kandhar and Heart. One wonders what are the motives behind India's growing investment in Afghanistan when a large number of people are suffering in poverty in slum areas of Bombay? India's interests in Afghanistan include, inter alia, attempts to sandwich Pakistan in collusion with hostile Afghan government. India has officially declared the presence of its fourteen consulates while unofficial reports suggest that almost 107 consulates including 20 RAW intelligence units are working there. India holds the stance that their task is confined to issuing visa but this explanation defies the common sense. Sumit Ganguly, professor of Political Science at Indiana University, has said he never suggested that the Indians have purely humanitarian objectives in Afghanistan. He said that their vigorous attempts to limit Pakistan's reach and influence there stemmed largely from being systematically bled in Kashmir. In other words, Pakistan's apprehensions of security threats arising from India's increasing clout in Afghanistan are not baseless and the US also needs to address our concerns if it wants to commit our full support in war against terrorism. E-mail: