Gulshan Rafiq

  • TIs the United Nations (UN) effective in international affairs anymore? The general perception is: it is effective when major powers allow it to be effective. However, it depends a lot on how one defines effectiveness. If one defines it the way George Bush defines it; effectiveness is following the ...

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  • TIn recent years, a considerable amount of debate on India’s nuclear strategy ostensibly suggests that India’s nuclear weapons are inadequate for deterrence; therefore, a qualitative as well as quantitative augmentation in nuclear weapon arsenals is needed for security of India. That is ...

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