Masud Ahmad Khan

  • After consolidating gains at Galwan Valley, Hot Springs, Pangong lake and Naku La, Chinese build-up has been seen in the Depsang Plains in the sub-sector north and Demchok in the south. The Chinese objective is to stretch the Indian army to tire them out by opening new sectors. First, let us have a ...

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  • The Sino-Indian border is divided into three sectors. The western sector is Askai Chin, the central sector is where China shares a border with Indian states of Uttarakhand and Himachal Pradesh and eastern sector is from Sikkim to Arunachal Pradesh. Let us have a look at Chinese border issues with ...

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  • Ladakh was a British frontier post on the land route to China through the Karakoram Pass. Ladakh was under Wazir Wazarat, who also responsible for Baltistan and had three tehsils, namely Skardu, Kargil and Ladakh. In winters Wazir Wazarat used to reside in Skardu, Baltistan. Historically, Skardu ...

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  • Nepal is landlocked; borders with China in the north and India in the South, East, West while Bangladesh is located 27 kilometres of South-Eastern tip and Bhutan is separated from it by Sikkim. The India-Nepal border is 1690 kilometres long, which was defined after the Sugauli treaty of 1815 ...

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  • Historically, Ladakh was part of Tibet and was ruled by Tibetan kings and the Chinese. The Mons and Indo-Aryan were the rulers of western Ladakh and Zanskar in the pre-Buddhist period. According to R C Arora, the Dards of Gilgit and Astor also ruled the area which is evident from sculptures and ...

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  • According to Khushwant Singh, Arab traders brought Islam to India to the west coast from the mouth of Indus to Kanyakumari in the south. The year 712 is considered a landmark in the history of Islam, when Muhammad Bin Qasim entered Makran, conquered Debal (near Karachi). He conquered whole Sindh ...

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  • It was in 1842 when for the first time a Sikh force entered Gilgit on the request of an ousted Raja which changed/reshaped the history of Gilgit. The ruler of Yasin Gohar Aman attacked the Sikh force and destroyed them. A Dogra reinforcement under General Bhoop Singh was again crushed by Gohar Aman ...

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  • The length of Pakistan’s border with India is 3,133 kilometers which includes 700 kilometers Line of Control (LoC) 193 kilometers of Working Boundary (WB) and 2,240 kilometers of International Border (IB). The first Kashmir war was fought between Pakistan and India from October 1947 to ...

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  • During the ninth and tenth centuries, the nomadic Turkic Oghuz tribes formed a state in the Aral Sea region in the areas of north Caspian. They gradually moved to central Asia from their original homeland in the Altai mountains in the western Mongolia. They then migrated southward in search of ...

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  • The region of Gilgit Baltistan in ancient times was divided into small states composed of warlike tribes and dominant races. The people of the region were widely known for their courage, natural ability to fight, bravery and there are stories of their heroic resistance against foreign invaders. The ...

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  • It was India who took the Kashmir dispute to UN under Chapter VI (Pacific Settlement of Disputes) rather than Chapter VII which deals with aggression. The Kashmir dispute came on the UN Agenda in 1948 and has been recognised to be one of the most intractable and dangerous political disputes facing ...

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  • In case of the Subcontinent, the first prominent Turk was Mahmud of Ghazni son of Sabuktagin, a former Mamluk worrier slave. When the Samanid dynasty based in Bukhara began to decline, Sabuktagin seized control of Ghazni in 977. During Mahmud’s reign, his empire stretched from the Oxus to the ...

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  • The Turks (Oghuz) accepted Islam in the 8th or 10th century while they were still in Central Asia. During the 9th and 10th centuries, they formed a principality in the Aral Sea region and in the area of the northern Caspian Sea, where they inherited a vast area. They began their southward migration ...

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  • In the recent past major protest were seen in the capital Delhi by different groups and major demonstrations were held in Jamia Millia Islamia University and a sit in at Shaheen Bagh. Their demand was rolling back CAB as the bill is against Muslims, and a secular constitution/tradition of India. A ...

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  • The Rashtriya Swayamsevak Sangh was formed in 1925 at Nagpur with the mission of resurgence of Hindu nationalism, unifying Hindus, and enhancing physical strength through training and exercise. The basic aim was to propagate the cause of a Hindu “rashtra”, a Hindu state. The RSS ...

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  • In Pakistan unfortunately many liberals thinks that the two nation theory is now irrelevant and we must do away with this. Pervez Hoodbhoy, a physicist openly criticize the two nation theory and said “Pakistan is in state of confusion because it was born in a state of confusion”. He ...

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  • According to K.K. Aziz in his book, the Making of Pakistan, a Study in Nationalism, that ‘nation’ is essentially a european concept and during the middle ages groups of students from one country working in the european universities were called nations. K.K. Aziz has identified thirteen ...

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  • The recent new political map issued by Indian government has shown Azad Kashmir as a part of newly created union territory of Indian Occupied Jammu and Kashmir while Gilgit Baltistan in the union territory of Ladakh, Indian Occupied Jammu and Kashmir reorganization order 2019 issued by the ...

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  • Continued…  It was during the time of Viceroy Lord Northbrook that the Gilgit game was actually started with an eye on Sinkiang as the British were afraid of Russia occupying Sinkiang. This was the time when Afghanistan was claiming Chitral and Badakshan and for British to acknowledge ...

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  • The term great game is attributed to Captain Arthur Canolly who in 1840 in a letter mentioned it to Major Henry Rawlinson Political Agent Kandahar. It was also used by novelist Rudyard Kipling in his novel Kim in 1901. It was first used academically by Professor Davis in a presentation titled ...

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  • On 23 October 1947 frontiers tribesmen entered Kashmir to help Kashmiris brothers and on 26 October 1947 Maharaja acceded to India. Pakistan responded militarily against the Indian aggression when Indian army started advancing towards Azad Kashmir and thus India and Pakistani fought their first war ...

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  • The infighting for the throne of Gilgit one of the representative of ousted Raja went to Kashmir to seek assistance from Sikhs. It was 1842 when Maharaja sent an army to Gilgit which succeeded in restoring power to ousted Raja. This was the moment which reshaped/changed the history of Gilgit ...

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  • Gilgit Baltistan covers an area of 27188 square miles (72000 square kilometres) and population is approximately 1.5 million. Gilgit-Baltistan comprises three divisions namely Chilas, Gilgit and Baltistan and further divided into ten districts. The region is bounded in the north by Wakhan strip ...

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