S M Zafar

  • National Security which has been defined in the past only in military terms is no longer relevant and is being revised to include key civilian components at its very heart. In the current context, the nature of threat to National Security comes from unconventional sources. Factors such as ...

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  • Let us begin with the recently raised question by some American intellectuals and writers viz. whether America is merely a powerful nation-state or an “empirical power”. According to this theory, since the fall of Berlin Wall in 1989 and the collapse of USSR in 1991, there has been a ...

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  • S. M. Zafar The energy crisis is a serious national issue which has not only badly affected productivity in the industrial and agricultural sectors, but has also made life miserable for the common man through long duration loadsh-edding. The issue has two dimensions. First, the government should go ...

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