Zainab Ahmed

  • National security is a much debated idea right now in Pakistan. Counter-terrorism and counter-insurgency campaigns have drawn the attention for formulation of a comprehensive national security plan. Every effort in Pakistan to define national security concerns has always been overshadowed with ...

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  • The state of Pakistan is devoid of any accurate estimation of its population. The last census was held in 1988. Since then there are mere estimates. For the last eighteen years the state system is deprived of the exact number of its citizens. ‘Census is the procedure of systematically ...

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  • Peacebuilding is the practice of developing policies that consolidate peace and restore order through political, economic,and social reforms via newly strengthened governmental institutions. Peacebuilding represents a step forward from bilateral security arrangements and can be a regional security ...

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  • The Pakistani society and state seem to be incarcerated in a perpetual extremism dilemma. Academia is in continuous debate, one that it had initiated in 1953 with anti-Ahmadiyya riots. The same debate was initiated again with Zia’s Islamization policy. Indoctrination was important to muster ...

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  • Pakistan has been under the surging wave of extremism for quite a long time now. It has been changing faces from terrorism to sectarianism to infringement of basic freedom of religious minorities. Behind all these phenomena the underlined factor has been intolerance. Extremism refers to the set of ...

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