Faisal Shahzad

  • State, being a rational actor, uses repression as a strategic policy to curb opposition movements. Demands are presented by the opposition on the ruling elite to change governments’ policies or to move from status quo. The ruling elite have plenty of options ranging from acquiescence to ...

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  • Huge sums of money are integral part of modern democracy. In order to get elected, candidates are forced to run competitive and costly campaigns. They have to raise and use private funds to finance their political activities. The case of Pakistan is no different where politics is considered the job ...

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  • A political party is defined as an organized group of people with ideology, aims and opinions that seek to influence public policy by getting its candidates elected to public offices. Lawrence Lowell (1913) argues that essential function and the true reason of a political party’s ...

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  • Steven Levitski, a well-known comparative political scientist, argues that many contemporary regimes are hybrid regimes. They are neither democracies nor full time authoritarian regimes. These regimes are combined with democratic rules and authoritarian governments. Levitski (2002) believes that a ...

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